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Roslin Colliery And Brickworks

Brickworks (Period Unassigned), Colliery (Period Unassigned)

Site Name Roslin Colliery And Brickworks

Classification Brickworks (Period Unassigned), Colliery (Period Unassigned)

Canmore ID 82866

Site Number NT26SE 66

NGR NT 2615 6345

NGR Description Colliery centred on shaft No.1 at NT2631 6354

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number AC0000807262. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Midlothian
  • Parish Lasswade
  • Former Region Lothian
  • Former District Midlothian
  • Former County Midlothian

Archaeology Notes

NT26SE 66 2615 6345

(Location of colliery cited as NT 2631 6354 - centred on Shaft No.1). ROSLIN Colliery (also known as 'THE MOAT')

Location: Roslin

Previous Owners: Shotts Iron Company Limited

Types of Coal: Steam and House

Sinking/Production Commenced: 1901-3

Year Closed: 1969

Year Abandoned: 1969

Average Workforce: 754

Peak Workforce: 770

Peak Year: 1952

Shaft/Mine Details: 2 shafts located at NT 2631 6354 and NT 2632 6357. No. 1 downcast, 282m deep, 6.1m by 1.83m, timber-lined rectangular shaft, with 600hp 'Ingles' steam winder. No. 2 upcast, 294m deep, 3.35m diameter. Deepened in 1922. Pumping at bottom of No. 2 shaft.

Details in 1948: Output 777 tons per day, 194,250 tons per annum. 765 employees. Coal washed at Ramsay Colliery (NT26NE 93). Baths (1930), first-aid room, canteen (snack). Some electricity generated at colliery, remainder bought from SE Scotland Electricity Board. Report dated 15-07-1948.

Other Details: Screening extended in 1920s, and baths installed in 1930 - said to be the first in the Lothians. Associated brickworks, established in 1937, operated until the 1970s. Spontaneous combusion underground caused problems, particularly in 1953.

M K Oglethorpe 2006.


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