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Carsfad Power Station

Hydroelectric Power Station (Modern)

Site Name Carsfad Power Station

Classification Hydroelectric Power Station (Modern)

Alternative Name(s) Carsfad Loch; Carsfad Reservoir; Galloway Hydroelectric Scheme

Canmore ID 64262

Site Number NX68NW 26

NGR NX 60562 85440

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2020.

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Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish Kells
  • Former Region Dumfries And Galloway
  • Former District Stewartry
  • Former County Kirkcudbrightshire

Archaeology Notes

NX68NW 26.00 60562 85440

NX68NW 26.01 centred NX 60544 85404 transformer station

For Carsfad Loch, Dam (NX 60656 85669), see NX68NW 25.00.

For Carsfad Dam, Aqueduct (NX 60506 85485 to NX 60555 85431), see NX68NW 25.02.

For Carsfad Loch (centred NX 607 860), see NX68NW 104.

Carsfad Power Station [NAT]

OS 1:10,000 map, 1981.

Carsfad Power Station

Catchment area: 171 sq mi (443 sq km)

Average net head: 65 ft (19.8m)

Water consumption on full load at average head: 2600 cusec

Number and size of units: 2x6000kW

Gross volume of turbine room (incl. loading bay), above main floor level - total: 196,000 cu ft (5550.2 cu m)

Gross volume of turbine room (incl. loading bay), above main floor level - per kW: 16.3 cu ft (0.46 cu m)

Range of net heads: 64-66ft (19.5-20.1m)

No. of rating of generator sets installed: 2x6,000 kW

Turbine output: 8,500 hp

Specific speed: 104 rpm

Normal speed: 214.3 rpm

Runaway speed: 450 rpm

Water consumption per turbine on full load at average head: 1300 cusecs

Diameter of runner: 9ft 2ins (2.8m)

This small and remote power station is intended for unattended operation.

Anon. 1938 ['Galloway Hydro-Electric Development'].

(Detailed description of power generation equipment and switchgear).

English Electric Company Limited [post-1936].

This power station receives water from Carsfad Loch (NX68NW 104), and is a major component of Stage II of the Galloway Hydro-Electric Scheme. Thec equipment installed is identical with that at Earlstoun Power Station (NX68SW 147).

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 25 October 2005.

Gibb and Partners et al. 1937.


Field Visit (2010)

This powerhouse receives water from the outflow of nearby Carsfad Loch via aqueduct. The building is predominantly the same as Glenlee, Earlstoun and Kendoon, with the installed plant identical to that at Earlstoun. This station is of almost identical design to Earlstoun, Kendoon and Glenlee. The powerhouse exhibits a functionalist modern classical design which characterises the Galloway scheme, illustrating the dynamic modern view which was held of the industry at this time. The powerhouse retains major interior features such as the overhead crane by William Arrol. It is prominently sited, and the striking design makes a good landscape contribution. P L Payne, 1988. 24; E Wood, 2002, 50; G Hill, 1984.


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