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Lasswade, Old Parish Church And Churchyard

Church (Period Unassigned), Churchyard (Period Unassigned)

Site Name Lasswade, Old Parish Church And Churchyard

Classification Church (Period Unassigned), Churchyard (Period Unassigned)

Alternative Name(s) Old Kirk; Kirkyard; Newton Church

Canmore ID 53450

Site Number NT36NW 24

NGR NT 30178 66106

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/53450

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2018.

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Midlothian
  • Parish Lasswade
  • Former Region Lothian
  • Former District Midlothian
  • Former County Midlothian

EARLY MEDIEVAL CARVED STONES PROJECT

Lasswade 1 (St Edwin), Midlothian, cross-arm fragment

Measurements: H 0.23m, W 0.28m, D 0.13m

Stone type: sandstone

Place of discovery: NT 3017 6610

Present location: National Museums Scotland, Edinburgh (X.IB 21)

Evidence for discovery: found re-used in the ruins of the thirteenth-century church in or before 1867 when it was donated to the museum.

Present condition: broken and worn.

Description

This is most likely to have been the left-hand arm of a free-standing cross, ornamented in relief on the two main faces. It is of cusped and square-ended form. Within a plain flatband moulding, face A bears the hand of the crucified Christ with a nail through it, and face C contains an animal whose tail curves between its hind legs. Its head shows a round eye and triangular ear and an elongated tongue protrudes from its wide-open jaws.

Date: tenth or eleventh century.

References: ECMS pt 3, 423-4.

Compiled by A Ritchie 2016

EARLY MEDIEVAL CARVED STONES PROJECT

Lasswade 2 (St Edwin), Midlothian, carved fragment

Measurements: H 0.28m, W 0.41m, D 0.10m

Stone type: sandstone

Place of discovery: NT 3017 6610

Present location: National Museums Scotland, Edinburgh (X.IB 20)

Evidence for discovery: found re-used in the ruins of the thirteenth-century church in or before 1867 when it was donated to the museum.

Present condition: broken and worn.

Description

This fragment of a larger slab is carved in relief on one face only with a panel containing a quadruped with long tail curving up and over its back. Behind it is part of a panel of diced work.

Date range: eleventh century.

References: ECMS pt 3, 423-4.

Compiled by A Ritchie 2016

Archaeology Notes

NT36NW 24.00 30178 66106

NT36NW 24.01 NT 3018 6610 Cross; Stones: Sculptured

(NT 3018 6610) Church (NR) (remains of)

OS 6" map (1968)

The old parish church of Lasswade which was dedicated to St Edwin was built in the early 13th c. It was allowed to become ruinous after 1793 when a new church was erected (at NT 3012 6612). It consisted of a single oblong chamber 20' in width, with a tower 16' square at the W end. The aisle, on the N, was preserved and converted into a mausoleum in the 17th century Henry Dundas, First Lord Melville, is buried in it. W of it is the mausoleum of the poet Drummond of Hawthornden (died 1649): this was restored in 1892 when a medieval floriated finial cross, presumably from the old church, was erected above the entrance. The tower fell in 1866, and now all that remains of the rest of the church is a 13th century fragment of the S wall.

D MacGibbon and T Ross 1896; RCAHMS 1929, visited 1920; H Scott 1915

The present remains of the church are as described. Though considerably ruined, the existing ivy-covered walls are in fair condition. There is a striking Transitional window in the N wall of the N aisle. A modern burial vault on the S appears to be on the foundations of the early choir, and a fragment of the S wall of the nave is to be seen W of this vault.

Visited by OS (JLD) 1 September 1954

In the 19th century two sculptured stones were found in the ruins of the church. One (Royal Museum of Scotland [RMS] IB 21) is a side-arm from a free-standing cross which is carved in relief with, on the front, the Saviour's hand pierced by a nail, and, on the back, a beast; the other (RMS IB 20), which is also carved in relief, bears a four-legged beast and a border of diced work.

J Allen and J R Anderson 1903; RCAHMS 1988.

Architecture Notes

NMRS REFERENCE:

This church was demolished 1955/56. Information from Demolitions catalogue held in RCAHMS library.

EXTERNAL REFERENCE:

Scottish Record Office:

Report on the condition of the Church by George Paterson (-D.1789) and William Robertson (-), architects. Consideration by the Presbytery of the alternate plans and estimates for extensive repairs or for a new Church.

1774 GD164/Box 40/286

Plans and estimate for the repair of the Church. The Presbytery accepted Mr. Paterson's plan to cut off the 3 Arches from the West end of the Church and take in a space from the East. The west Gavel was to be brought forward to the Hammermen's Loft.

Estimate #263. 3. 0.

It was agreed to employ Messers. Paterson and Young for the work.

Extracts of a Decree of Presbytery of Kinghorn.

1774 GD164/Box 40/286

References

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