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Fort (Period Unassigned)

Site Name Hillend

Classification Fort (Period Unassigned)

Alternative Name(s) Caerketton Hill

Canmore ID 51763

Site Number NT26NW 20

NGR NT 2452 6620

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Midlothian
  • Parish Lasswade
  • Former Region Lothian
  • Former District Midlothian
  • Former County Midlothian

Archaeology Notes

NT26NW 20 2452 6620.

(NT 2452 6620) A fort situated in a strong defensive position on the summit of a 20-30' high knoll to the E of Caerketton Hill, c. 1100' OD. It has consisted of an inner wall, marked only by a line of outer facing stones, untrimmed boulders c. 18" long, one course high on the N side, with a little stony core elsewhere, with an exterior wall or rampart on its more vulnerable western half: this lattter may have continued on its eastern side, but no trace is visible except for a terrace lying 15' below the inner wall on the W and S. The fort has been robbed of its stone and subsequently cultivated. The entrance on the N is probably original, but the gap on the E is more likely to be due to cultivation. The interior is featureless except for an oval depression which may be the site of a hut, and some slight traces of a quarry terrace behind the inner wall. This was doubtless a continuous feature.

RCAHMS TS, 12 April 1956

The remains of this fort are generally as described, except that no trace of facing stones or internal features can now be seen.

Surveyed at 1/2500.

Visited by OS (RD) 6 January 1970

No change to previous information.

Visited by OS (BS) 8 December 1975

NT 245 662 A coarse stone tool was recovered from the W rampart of the small hillfort at Hillend and donated to NMS (HH 972).

F Hunter 1999


Field Visit (12 April 1956)

This site was included within the RCAHMS Marginal Land Survey (1950-1962), an unpublished rescue project. Site descriptions, organised by county, are available to view online - see the searchable PDF in 'Digital Items'. These vary from short notes, to lengthy and full descriptions. Contemporary plane-table surveys and inked drawings, where available, can be viewed online in most cases - see 'Digital Images'. The original typecripts, notebooks and drawings can also be viewed in the RCAHMS search room.

Information from RCAHMS (GFG) 19 July 2013.

Note (5 November 2015 - 4 August 2016)

This fort occupies a knoll forming the summit of a spur that juts out NE from the E flank of Caerketton Hill. Almost sub-rectangular on plan, it has measured internally about 70m from E to W by 53m transversely, but its rampart has been largely demolished, leaving little more than a faint terrace along the lip of a rocky external scarp some 4.5m in height to mark its course. A terrace at the foot of this scarp around the W end, from the NW round to the S, interpreted by RCAHMS investigators in 1956 as the remains of an outer wall or rampart, gives the impression of a cut feature, and indicates that some attempt had been made to strengthen the defences facing onto the saddle linking the knoll to Caerketton Hill. Although the investigators identified a shallow depression in the SE quadrant, the interior has been cultivated and appears featureless. The entrance is probably on the N, while a broader gap on the E is likely to be the result of cultivation.

Information from An Atlas of Hillforts of Great Britain and Ireland – 04 August 2016. Atlas of Hillforts SC3706


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