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Cumbernauld, Cumbernauld Town Centre, General

Bus Station (Modern), Flat(S) (19th Century)-(20th Century), Municipal Building (19th Century)-(20th Century), Shopping Centre (20th Century)

Site Name Cumbernauld, Cumbernauld Town Centre, General

Classification Bus Station (Modern), Flat(S) (19th Century)-(20th Century), Municipal Building (19th Century)-(20th Century), Shopping Centre (20th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Town Centre

Canmore ID 70557

Site Number NS77SE 47

NGR NS 75805 74489

NGR Description Centred on NS 75805 74489

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council North Lanarkshire
  • Parish Cumbernauld
  • Former Region Strathclyde
  • Former District Cumbernauld And Kilsyth
  • Former County Dunbartonshire

Treasured Places (17 August 2007)

Built from the 1960s, Cumbernauld New Town accommodated 70,000 residents in dense low-rise housing and tower blocks. The Town Centre, a huge concrete 'megastructure', was designed to hold Cumbernauld's retail, administrative, cultural and recreational facilities on nine levels, accessed via an on-site bus station and a motorway running underneath. The bold architecture of the Town Centre received international acclaim.

Information from RCAHMS (SC) 17 August 2007

Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A, 1996

Architecture Notes

NS77SE 47 centred on NS 75805 74489


Construction (1960)

Aerial Photography (1989)

Photographic Survey (1990)

Aerial Photography (1990)

Aerial Photography (1991)

Publication Account (1997)

A massive multi-level, multi-function town-centre building set on an elevated ridge, straddling a dual-carriageway through road. One of the key monuments of postwar European architecture, and the most important postwar work in this country. Significant chiefly as the international exemplar of 'megastructural' planning - the conception, central to avant-garde 1950s/60s architecture, of single, agglomerative buildings containing multiple functions juxtaposed in a visually exciting manner with traffic routes. In a postwar context, the Centre is almost completely original as a conception - although possibly influenced, further back, by the multi-level imagery of Italian Futurism, or by Schindler's Lovell Beach House - and it was hailed by International Modern Movement historian Reyner Banham as 'the canonical megastructure'. More prosaically: it ws the world's first multi-level covered-in town centre. (Figs. 4.45, 4.46).

Information from 'Rebuilding Scotland: The Postwar Vision, 1945-75', (1997).

Aerial Photography (27 August 1998)

Photographic Survey (2 November 2000)


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