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Windy Edge

Chambered Cairn (Neolithic)

Site Name Windy Edge

Classification Chambered Cairn (Neolithic)

Alternative Name(s) Tinnisburn Forest; Windyedge; Whisgills

Canmore ID 67899

Site Number NY48SW 1

NGR NY 4295 8391

NGR Description NY 4295 8391 to NY 4300 8390

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish Canonbie
  • Former Region Dumfries And Galloway
  • Former District Annandale And Eskdale
  • Former County Dumfries-shire

Archaeology Notes

NY48SW 1 4295 8391 to 4300 8390.

(Name: NY 4296 8389) Long Cairns (NR)

OS 6" map (1957)

For nearby cairns and standing stone, see NY48SW 6 and NY48SW 7.

A Clyde-type long cairn is situated in an unplanted area near the edge of a Forestry Commission plantation, at 1,000 ft OD. It is about 120 ft long, on average 25 ft wide and 5 ft in maximum height. The width and height are probably greater as the cairn is surrounded by a deep growth of peat and vegetation. Three small, semi-circular shelters have been built by shepherds along the sides of the cairn. The E end of the cairn has probably been truncated as it is erected into a rough wall, part of a circular enclosure 45 ft in diameter, noted by the RCAHMS. This is now obscured to the N and S by trees, but the foundation of its E side may be seen. Four stones of what has been a straight facade remain at the W end of the cairn; the chamber, built of orthostats supplemented by dry-walling, and measuring 21 3/4 ft long, is entered from the centre of the facade.

About 50 ft E of the cairn described above are two mounds of cairn material, probably belonging to one cairn aligned on the same axis as the main cairn. It is greatly robbed and disturbed. It has measured about 72 ft long and roughly 25 ft wide. A few upright stones at the E end indicate that there may have been a chamber or some other structure, but the plan is not evident.

RCAHMS 1920, visited 1920; A S Henshall 1972, visited 1956

NY 4295 8391. The chambered long cairn is as described; it is gradually being encroached upon by vegetation cover.

NY 4300 8390. The spread of cairn material, as stated, is so distrubed that its original form cannot be interpreted from the surviving ground evidence but it was probably once part of the main cairn.

Surveyed at 1:10,000.

Visited by OS (MJF) 1 August 1979.

This ruined Clyde cairn is situated in a forestry clearing. It is aligned WNW-ESE and measures at least 35.5m by 6.5m. There is a flat facade at the WNW end, through which the chamber (at least 6.4m in length) has been entered.

RCAHMS 1981, visited February 1981.

This Clyde-type chambered long cairn, which is situated within a clearing in a forestry plantation, is generally as previously described. Most of the visible stone is disposed between two long mounds set on the same axis; probing in the gap between them reveals a stony spread, and it is likely that both originally belonged to a single cairn some 75 metres in length (contra Henshall). The gap in the middle of the cairn has been caused by robbing on a large scale and this is, in part, reflected by old cuttings in the peat around the cairn. The chamber at the W end of the cairn still survives though the eastern of the two septal slabs was not located on the date of visit.

Visited by RCAHMS (JRS, ARW), 16 March 1993.

A S Henshall 1972.

Scheduled (with NY48SW 7) as 'Whisgills, long cairn and standing stones 2230m W of...'

Information from Historic Scotland, scheduling document dated 23 January 2008.


Laser Scanning (25 March 2016 - 13 April 2016)

NY 4295 8391 (cairn) A survey was undertaken, 25 March – 13 April 2016, of Whisgills Long Cairn and two nearby standing stones in Kershope Forest. The cairn survives as two long piles of stone on an E/W alignment, which may be connected, with overgrown rubble in between, to form one long cairn measuring 75 x 10m at its widest points. Two standing stones, both fallen to some extent, survive to the E and SE of the cairn at the edge of the forestry clearing.

The cairn was laser scanned and photographed to create a comprehensive site plan. Photogrammetry was carried out of the stone with carved initials on the front of the cairn and on the standing stones. 3D visualisations of the stones were created using the photogrammetry models which helped highlight a carved datum point on the furthest N stone.

Archive: NRHE (intended)

Funder: Forestry Commission Scotland

Gemma Hudson and Diana Sproat – AOC Archaeology Group

(Source: DES, Volume 17)

Sbc Note

Visibility: This is an upstanding earthwork or monument.

Information from Scottish Borders Council


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