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Wilderness West, Antonine Wall

Enclosure (Roman), Frontier Defence (Roman)

Site Name Wilderness West, Antonine Wall

Classification Enclosure (Roman), Frontier Defence (Roman)

Alternative Name(s) Wilderness Plantation

Canmore ID 44483

Site Number NS57SE 19

NGR NS 59500 72089

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/44483

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2018.

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council East Dunbartonshire
  • Parish Cadder (Strathkelvin-du)
  • Former Region Strathclyde
  • Former District Strathkelvin
  • Former County Lanarkshire

Archaeology Notes

NS57SE 19 59500 72089

(NS 595 720) A crop mark enclosure at Buchley is one of a group of three (see also NS57SE 21 and NS67SW 29) identified in the same sector of the Antonine Wall on air photographs by the RAF (CPE/Scot/UK276/ 5151-2) J K St Joseph (CUCAP U53, 55-6, V81) and RCAHMS.

Excavation in 1980 revealed a banked and ditched sub-rectangular enclosure abutting the south side of the Wall and clearly post dating its construction. Vestiges of an internal bank not more than 2.5m wide reduced an internal area from 11.5m by 8.2m to approximately 6m square. The interior, which sloped down to the back of the Antonine rampart, had been levelled with layers of earth and turf, but no trace of a timber structure or occupation floor was found. The function of the enclosure is uncertain, but neither of the likely explanations - Watch Tower, or Beacon Stance - can be supported on the evidence found, and it seems unlikely that it was envisaged as a temporary work. Finds comprised a few fragments of black burnished ware.

W S Hanson and G S Maxwell 1981.

NS 5950 7206 There is no surface trace of the enclosure or the Antonine Wall in a level, arable, field. Neither are there surface indications of the recent excavation. Grid Reference postulated from air photograph evidence.

Visited by OS (J R L) 27 May 1981.

Listed. No additional information.

RCAHMS 1982.

Activities

Excavation (September 1980)

NS57SE 19 59500 72089

Excavation in 1980 revealed a banked and ditched sub-rectangular enclosure abutting the south side of the Wall and clearly post dating its construction. Vestiges of an internal bank not more than 2.5m wide reduced an internal area from 11.5m by 8.2m to approximately 6m square. The interior, which sloped down to the back of the Antonine rampart, had been levelled with layers of earth and turf, but no trace of a timber structure or occupation floor was found. The function of the enclosure is uncertain, but neither of the likely explanations - Watch Tower, or Beacon Stance - can be supported on the evidence found, and it seems unlikely that it was envisaged as a temporary work. Finds comprised a few fragments of black burnished ware.

W S Hanson and G S Maxwell 1981.

Field Visit (27 May 1981)

NS 5950 7206 There is no surface trace of the enclosure or the Antonine Wall in a level, arable, field. Neither are there surface indications of the recent excavation. Grid Reference postulated from air photograph evidence.

Visited by OS (J R L) 27 May 1981.

Aerial Photography (1981)

(NS 595 720) A crop mark enclosure at Buchley is one of a group of three (see also NS57SE 21 and NS67SW 29) identified in the same sector of the Antonine Wall on air photographs by the RAF (CPE/Scot/UK276/ 5151-2) J K St Joseph (CUCAP U53, 55-6, V81) and RCAHMS.

Aerial Photography (4 March 1997)

References

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