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Skeith Stone

Cross Incised Stone (Early Medieval)

Site Name Skeith Stone

Classification Cross Incised Stone (Early Medieval)

Canmore ID 34068

Site Number NO50SE 17

NGR NO 5708 0464

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/34068

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Fife
  • Parish Kilrenny
  • Former Region Fife
  • Former District North East Fife
  • Former County Fife

EARLY MEDIEVAL CARVED STONES PROJECT

Kilrenny 1 (Skeith Stone) (St Ethernan?), Fife, cross-slab

Measurements: H 1.12m above ground, W 1.02m, D 0.31m

Stone type: sandstone

Place of discovery: NO 5708 0464

Present location: in field west of Kilrenny village, very close to its earlier location (it was moved in 1967).

Evidence for discovery: recorded by Stuart in1867.

Present condition: worn.

Description

One face of this massive slab is incised with an encircled cross-of-arcs accompanied by four external circular motifs. The equal armed cross consists of expanded arms, the spaces between which are each occupied by two sunken ovals with a raised area between them. A chi-rho hook has been argued to hang from the upper arm of the cross but this feature is controversial. The cross is encircled by three concentric incised lines, and the external circles consist of two to four incised lines.

Date: seventh century.

References: Stuart 1867, pl 124; ECMS pt 3, 374; Trench-Jellicoe 1998.

Complied by A Ritchie 2016

Activities

Field Visit (30 August 1968)

This stone is generally as described by RCAHMS, except that it has been moved slightly nearer to the farm track and is now oriented NE-SW.

Visited by OS (WDJ) 30 August 1968

Desk Based Assessment (1968)

NO50SE 17 5708 0464.

(NO 5708 0464) Skeith Stone (NAT)

OS 6" map (1912-38)

Skeith Stone. A roughly rectangular boulder of sandstone standing in a field about 600 yds SW of Rennyhill Farm. It is 3ft 8ins high, 3ft 4ins wide and averages 1ft thick. Its main axis is NNW-SSE and it inclines to the NNW. It has been wedged up to prevent it falling. On the E face is an incised double ringed wheel design with eight petal shaped spokes averaging 13ins long and 3ins in greatest breadth.

RCAHMS 1933

"...the Scaith Stone, near the village of Kilrenny,...does not likely mark the site of human burial, as, on a careful examination of the soil on all sides, even below the surface of the subsoil, we could discover no traces of interment..."

R Skinner 1871

Nothing is known of the history of the Skeith Stone, nor has any tradition connected with it been preserved. The cross on it resembles that on the monument at Bressay (Shetland 53-57?).

J Stuart 1867

Skeith Stone. An upright slab with a cross within a circular ring. Within the ring are eight lozenge or leaf shaped depressions, arranged in pairs to form a cross.

J R Allen and J Anderson 1903

Information from OS 1968

Sources: J Stuart 1867; R Skinner 1871; J R Allen and J Anderson 1903; RCAHMS 1933

References

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