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Kendoon Power Station

Hydroelectric Power Station (Modern)

Site Name Kendoon Power Station

Classification Hydroelectric Power Station (Modern)

Alternative Name(s) Water Of Ken; Galloway Hydroelectric Scheme

Canmore ID 276213

Site Number NX68NW 105

NGR NX 60534 87788

NGR Description Centred

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/276213

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2020.

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Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish Dalry (Stewartry)
  • Former Region Dumfries And Galloway
  • Former District Stewartry
  • Former County Kirkcudbrightshire

Archaeology Notes

NX68NW 105.00 centred 60554 87791

NX68NW 105.01 NX 60712 86921 to NX 60599 87790 Penstocks

NX68NW 105.02 NX 60716 87930 Surge Tower

NX68NW 105.03 Centred NX 60519 87672 Transformer Station

NX68NW 105.04 NX 60565 81870 Valve House

Kendoon Power Station [NAT]

OS 1:10,000 map, 1981.

Kendoon Power Station: 2nd stage of project

Average net head: 150ft (45.7m)

Catchment area: 152 sq miles (394 sq km)

Max. load: 21,000 kW [47% of 2nd stage total: 37% of grand total]

Units per annum: 36 million [48% of 2nd stage total: 35% of grand total]

No. of main turbines: 2

Anon. 1934 ['Galloway Water Power Scheme'].

(Detailed description of power generation equipment and switchgear).

English Electric Company Limited [post-1936].

Kendoon Power Station

Catchment area: 152 sq mi (394 sq km)

Average net head: 150 ft (45.7m)

Water consumption on full load at average head: 1900 cusec

Number and size of units: 2x10500kW

Gross volume of turbine room (incl. loading bay), above main floor level = total: 223,000 cu ft (6314.8 cu m)

Gross volume of turbine room (incl. loading bay), above main floor level = per kW: 10.6 cu ft (0.3 cu m)

Range of net heads: 147-156ft (482.1-47.6m)

No. of rating of generator sets installed: 2x10,500 kW

Turbine output: 14,800 hp

Specific speed: 57 rpm

Normal speed: 250 rpm

Runaway speed: 463 rpm

Water consumption per turbine on full load at average head: 9540 cusecs

Diameter of runner: 7ft 7ins (2.3m)

This power station is intended for manned operation.

Anon. 1938 ['Galloway Hydro-Electric Development'].

This power station receives water from Kendoon Loch (NX69SW 89) through the aqueduct NX68NW 108.00 and the pipeline NX68NW 108. It forms a major component of Stage II of the Galloway Hydro-Electric Scheme.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 25 October 2005.

Gibb and Partners et al. 1937.

Activities

Publication Account (1937)

This power station receives water from Kendoon Loch (NX69SW 89) through the aqueduct NX68NW 108.00 and the pipeline NX68NW 108. It forms a major component of Stage II of the Galloway Hydro-Electric Scheme.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 25 October 2005.

Gibb and Partners et al. 1937.

Publication Account (1938)

Kendoon Power Station: 2nd stage of project

Average net head: 150ft (45.7m)

Catchment area: 152 sq miles (394 sq km)

Max. load: 21,000 kW [47% of 2nd stage total: 37% of grand total]

Units per annum: 36 million [48% of 2nd stage total: 35% of grand total]

No. of main turbines: 2

Anon. 1934 ['Galloway Water Power Scheme'].

(Detailed description of power generation equipment and switchgear).

English Electric Company Limited [post-1936].

Kendoon Power Station

Catchment area: 152 sq mi (394 sq km)

Average net head: 150 ft (45.7m)

Water consumption on full load at average head: 1900 cusec

Number and size of units: 2x10500kW

Gross volume of turbine room (incl. loading bay), above main floor level = total: 223,000 cu ft (6314.8 cu m)

Gross volume of turbine room (incl. loading bay), above main floor level = per kW: 10.6 cu ft (0.3 cu m)

Range of net heads: 147-156ft (482.1-47.6m)

No. of rating of generator sets installed: 2x10,500 kW

Turbine output: 14,800 hp

Specific speed: 57 rpm

Normal speed: 250 rpm

Runaway speed: 463 rpm

Water consumption per turbine on full load at average head: 9540 cusecs

Diameter of runner: 7ft 7ins (2.3m)

This power station is intended for manned operation.

Anon. 1938 ['Galloway Hydro-Electric Development'].

Project (2007)

This project was undertaken to input site information listed in 'Civil engineering heritage: Scotland - Lowlands and Borders' by R Paxton and J Shipway, 2007.

Publication Account (2007)

This station is about one mile downstream from Ken Dam, and just south of the junction of the Blackwater Burn tributary. It contains two 10.5MW turbines of the vertical-shaft single-floor type. The natural gradient of the two mile stretch of river below the power station has been utilised by the construction of Carsfad Dam, which ponds the water back to one foot below the level of the concrete sill controlling the tail-race level at Kendoon.

Carsfad power station operates in conjunction with Kendoon where greater storage is available. The entrance

to the power station intake at Kendoon is protected by a series of vertical screens to safeguard fish from being

trapped as they enter the fish pass. A similar arrangement exists at Carsfad. The consulting engineer was Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners and the main contractor, A. M. Carmichael Ltd.

R Paxton and J Shipway 2007

Reproduced from 'Civil Engineering heritage: Scotland - Lowlands and Borders' with kind permission from Thomas Telford Publishers.

Field Visit (2010)

This powerhouse receives water from Kendoon Loch and has two installed turbines used to generate electricity. The installed plant, and design of the building is very similar to that seen at Glenlee (which predates it), Carsfad and Earlstoun. This station is of almost identical design to Earlstoun, Carsfad and Glenlee. The powerhouse exhibits a functionalist modern classical design which characterises the Galloway scheme, illustrating the dynamic modern view which was held of the industry at this time. The powerhouse retains major interior features such as the overhead crane by William Arrol. It is prominently sited, and the striking design makes a good landscape contribution. The grouping of the building with the adjacent valve-house is also of additional interest. P L Payne, 1988, 24; E Wood, 2002, 50; G Hill, 1984.

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