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In recognition of the essential restrictions and measures imposed by the Scottish and UK Governments, we have closed all sites, depots and offices, including the HES Archives and Library, with immediate effect. Read our latest statement on Coronavirus (COVID-19).

Archaeology InSites

Age of Stone
Age of Bronze
Age of Iron
Age of Invasion
Age of Warriors
Age of Worship
Age of Kings
Age of Clans
Age of Industry
Age of Leisure
Age of War
This Age

Age of Kings

Explore the Age of kings, of queens and of their castles. From the Mote of Urr, Motte-and-Bailey Castle in the south, to the ruins of Castle Sinclair Girnigoe in the north, we explore some of the less well-known castles of Scotland, and the stories that made them.

Linlithgow Palace - Linlithgow, West Lothian

Linlithgow Palace is one of the most important medieval buildings in Scotland. It offers a striking visual reminder of the power and status of the Stewart monarchs who built it. But despite having been much studied over the years, it is still showing it has many secrets to reveal.

Sir John De Graham's Castle - Stirling

Sir John de Graham’s Castle is a fine example of a relatively rare type of medieval earthwork – a square moated enclosure. Access to the castle must have been via a wooden bridge on the north east side of the flat-bottomed ditch. The central platform is almost square and may have been occupied by four ranges of buildings around a central square. Similar sites are those at Dunrod in Galloway and David’s Fort in Easter Ross. Dunrod has been dated by excavations to the 13th century.