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All our staffed properties, sites and offices, including the HES Archives and Library, are currently closed, but we’re working on plans to gradually reopen. In the meantime, you can access our services online. Find out more.

Archaeology InSites

Age of Stone
Age of Bronze
Age of Iron
Age of Invasion
Age of Warriors
Age of Worship
Age of Kings
Age of Clans
Age of Industry
Age of Leisure
Age of War
This Age

Age of Stone

The Age of Stone ventures into the depths of prehistory to explore the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic. From scatters of stone tools and traces of domestic houses, to chambered cairns and rock art; this age gave rise to monumental architecture and the adoption of farming, and has left a lasting legacy on Scotland’s landscape to this day.

Knap of Howar - Papa Westray, Orkney

On the Island of Papa Westray, in the Orkney archipelago, is an archaeological site situated very close to the coast. This Neolithic settlement gives us an insight into life during the late Stone Age, at a time when farming and animal husbandry became the primary way of life.

'Cnoc Sligeach' Shell Midden – Oronsay, Argyll and Bute

The next stage of our journey through time takes us to a small island off the west coast of Scotland. The island of Oronsay sits directly to the south of its bigger brother Colonsay. Both are part of the island group known as the Inner Hebrides. Although Oronsay is relatively small, only 5km2 in size, it is rich in archaeology. In fact, Oronsay is home to the highest identified concentration of Mesolithic sites in Scotland dating to sometime between 7000 and 5000 years ago.