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Archaeology InSites

Age of Stone
Age of Bronze
Age of Iron
Age of Invasion
Age of Warriors
Age of Worship
Age of Kings
Age of Clans
Age of Industry
Age of Leisure
Age of War
This Age

Age of Kings

Explore the Age of kings, of queens and of their castles. From the Mote of Urr, Motte-and-Bailey Castle in the south, to the ruins of Castle Sinclair Girnigoe in the north, we explore some of the less well-known castles of Scotland, and the stories that made them.

Roxburgh castle and burgh – Roxburgh, Scottish Borders

Across the river Tweed from Kelso, there is a grassy field used for point-to-point racing. At its west end where the rivers Tweed and Teviot narrow to an isthmus 150m wide, there is a 100 foot high mound grown with oak trees on which may be seen a few lengths of ruinous wall. This is the royal castle of Marchmont or Roxburgh which David of Huntingdon founded in the early 12th century as the seat of his principality of Cumbria, which his brother, King Alexander, devolved on him. Later he erected a new burgh of Roxburgh on the haugh land beyond, now used for horse racing. The town grew to be one of the four most important burghs in Scotland in the 13th and 14th centuries and held an annual fair of St James on 25th July.

St Margaret’s Chapel - Edinburgh Castle

St Margaret’s Chapel, set on the summit of Edinburgh’s Castle Rock, is reputed to be the oldest building in the capital city. The dedication to Margaret of Wessex, Queen of Scotland from 1070 until 1093, appears to have replaced an original dedication to St Michael used at the time of her son David’s reign. Elements of the building seem to pre-date the early 12th century.