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Lilliard's Stone, Lilliard's Edge

Stone (Modern)

Site Name Lilliard's Stone, Lilliard's Edge

Classification Stone (Modern)

Canmore ID 57010

Site Number NT62NW 7

NGR NT 6196 2749

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/57010

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Scottish Borders, The
  • Parish Ancrum
  • Former Region Borders
  • Former District Roxburgh
  • Former County Roxburghshire

Archaeology Notes

NT62NW 7 6196 2749.

(NT 6194 2748) Lilliard's Stone (NR).

OS 6"map, Roxburghshire, (1923).

Lilliard's Stone, Lilliard's Edge (Site).

Lilliard's Stone, situated on the summit of Lilliard's Edge, is modern; but as the site is connected with a well-known Border tradition which, although it has been current for more than two hundred years, is nevertheless wholly apocryphal, it is desirable to put the true facts on record.

The myth relates to a "fair maiden Lilliard", whose exploits at the battle of Ancrum Moor, fought on 27 February 1544-5, were recorded in doggerel verse on an earlier memorial which was lying in pieces in 1743. There is, however, plenty of evidence to show that the place-name was established as such long before the date of the battle, while less than forty years later "Lidgate" appeared instead of "Lilliard", in "Lidgates Crose",(information from the Hamilton Papers, J Bain (ed.). Four days before the battle artillery was brought from Edinburgh Castle to "Lyliattis Cros"; in 1378 the Scottish and English Commissioners met at "Lillyat Cros" or "Lyliot-crosse" (Calendar of Documents); while the same name appears with a suffix as "Lillesietburn" in an early 12th-century charter, (Information from Liber de Melrose, 78, 224) and in a still earlier form as "Lilisyhates". Its obviously contains the same element as that of the adjoining parish of Lilliesleaf, which is given as "Lillescliva" in 1124 (A C Lawrie 1905).

The cross with which the name is associated in 1378 may be the magna petra that the monks of Melrose set up as a boundary stone at "Morric", on the N. slope of Lilliards's Edge, in the reign of William the Lion (Tomus Primus, Liber de Melros).

RCAHMS 1956, visited 13 October 1937; G Watson 1904.

NT 6196 2749. A slab inserted in the inside face of the north-east wall of a small, rectangular, brick-walled enclosure, bears the following inscription:-

"Fair Maid Lilliard

lies under this stane

little was her stature

but muckle was her fame

upon the English loons

she laid monie thumps

and when her legs were cuttit off

she fought upon her stumps.

AD 1544".

Visited by OS(WDJ) 10 December 1963.

Activities

Sbc Note

Visibility: This was the site of an archaeological monument, which may no longer be visible.

Information from Scottish Borders Council

References

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