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Westfield

Cursus (Neolithic)

Site Name Westfield

Classification Cursus (Neolithic)

Alternative Name(s) Monktonhall Junction; Inveresk

Canmore ID 53692

Site Number NT37SE 49

NGR NT 35029 71002

NGR Description Centred NT 35029 71002

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/53692

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
© Copyright and database right 2017.

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council East Lothian
  • Parish Inveresk (East Lothian)
  • Former Region Lothian
  • Former District East Lothian
  • Former County Midlothian

Archaeology Notes

NT37SE 49 centred NT 35029 71002

See also NT37SW 33, NT37SW 68, NT37SW 77 -8, 182-6 and 1000-2, and NT37SE 75.

A: NT 3494 7080 - 3501 7118

B: NT 3495 7051 - 3517 7128

Two sets of linear cropmarks run roughly parallel to each other in a NNE direction from near the Old School House to beyond Westfield. Set A runs into Field System 2 (see NT37SE 50). Set B appears to have 3 ditches, the centre one more prominent; set A has only 2 ditches. These cropmarks were originally thought to be a Roman road.

Information from RCAHMS (CAA) September 1987.

Elements of this cursus have been recorded as linear cropmarks over many years. The N terminal has long been known as a ditch obliquely intersecting the Roman field-system S of Inveresk, but the S terminal was only identified in 1986 at Whitecraig, some 900m to the SSW. Measuring about 180m in overall breadth, the sides and SSW terminal of the cursus are defined by double ditches set 10m apart, the outer apparently being the broader of the two; only the outer ditch can be distinguished at the NNE terminal. A third ditch on the W, which follows a more wavering course, turns sharply E to meet the outer cursus ditch at right angles some way short of the NNE terminal; it is probably a later feature. Limited excavations carried out in 1984 showed the ditches to be shallow and flat-bottomed.

It is plotted as a cursus monument on a distribution map of Neolithic monuments covering southern Scotland (RCAHMS 1997, 115, fig. 110).

Information from RCAHMS (ARG), 7 April 1998

Activities

Aerial Photographic Interpretation (September 1987)

A: NT 3494 7080 - 3501 7118

B: NT 3495 7051 - 3517 7128

Two sets of linear cropmarks run roughly parallel to each other in a NNE direction from near the Old School House to beyond Westfield. Set A runs into Field System 2 (see NT37SE 50). Set B appears to have 3 ditches, the centre one more prominent; set A has only 2 ditches. These cropmarks were originally thought to be a Roman road.

Information from RCAHMS (CAA) September 1987.

Note (7 April 1988)

Elements of this cursus have been recorded as linear cropmarks over many years. The N terminal has long been known as a ditch obliquely intersecting the Roman field-system S of Inveresk, but the S terminal was only identified in 1986 at Whitecraig, some 900m to the SSW. Measuring about 180m in overall breadth, the sides and SSW terminal of the cursus are defined by double ditches set 10m apart, the outer apparently being the broader of the two; only the outer ditch can be distinguished at the NNE terminal. A third ditch on the W, which follows a more wavering course, turns sharply E to meet the outer cursus ditch at right angles some way short of the NNE terminal; it is probably a later feature. Limited excavations carried out in 1984 showed the ditches to be shallow and flat-bottomed.

It is plotted as a cursus monument on a distribution map of Neolithic monuments covering southern Scotland (RCAHMS 1997, 115, fig. 110).

Information from RCAHMS (ARG), 7 April 1998

References

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