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Stirling, Mar Place, Mar's Wark

House (16th Century)

Site Name Stirling, Mar Place, Mar's Wark

Classification House (16th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Mar's Work; Mar's Lodging; Mar's Lodge

Canmore ID 46198

Site Number NS79SE 22

NGR NS 79232 93744

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/46198

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Stirling
  • Parish Stirling
  • Former Region Central
  • Former District Stirling
  • Former County Stirlingshire

Archaeology Notes

NS79SE 22 79232 93744

(NS 7 923 9374) Mar's Work (NR) (Rems of)

OS 6"map, (1958).

Mar's Work: What remains of this large and important mansion stands as a roofless ruin in Mar Place.

Only the facade now survives and this has been strengthened and patched where necessary by the DoE. The house as originally laid out must have covered a larger area than now appears at first sight, as traces of two contemporaray cellars at the S end and tusking at the N end of the existing block imply wings running W, the whole comprising three sides of a quadrangular courtyard. The builder was the Earl of Mar who became Regent of Scotland in 1571, and died in 1572. Two carved stones show that work was in progress during 1570-2. The legend that the building was never completed is probably true, as a town plan of 1725 shows only the main block and S wing.

The existing frontage rises two storeys to a denuded wall-head, but the back wall has been trimmed off only a few courses above the level of the first floor and its outer face has been hidden up to this level by soil from the Holy Rude graveyard.

RCAHMS 1963, visited 1954.

As described. In good condition.

Visited by OS (JP) 6 December 1973.

Architecture Notes

EXTERNAL REFERENCE:

Scottish Record Office:

Letter to James Erskine from his brother to the Earl of Mar 'I'm very pleased my Mother is causing to take down the little Tower and Stables. I confess I'm in the wrong in not sending an answer about the windows of the Drawing room in Stirling............there is a draught of it now enclosed. I would love to have made the pillar betwixt the two windows exactly in the middle of the room if I thought the window could be put nearer the dining room.'

1707 GD 124/15/227/1

Estimate of the value of the large stone tenement called 'Mar's Work' lying at the head of the High Street.

Valuation 4, 800 (Scots).

1735 GD 124/14/14/1

EXTERNAL REFERENCE:

Scottish National Portrait Gallery:

Country Life, March 13th 1909

Activities

Antiquarian Observation (1857 - 1861)

Mason's marks from Scottish churches, abbeys and castles recorded between 1857 and 1861 on 29 drawings in the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Collection.

Publication Account (1978)

The great empty shell which crowns Broad Street is all that remains of a residence built by the Regent Mar in 1570-72. The building was probably never completed although the Earls of Mar Hved in the structure until the end of the seventeenth century. Repairs were carried out on the building so that it could accommodate soldiers in 1715 and the Town Council in 1733 entertained plans to turn Mar's Wark into a workhouse, that is, a place for vagrants, a correction house. Nimmo writing in the 1770s described Mar's Wark as ruinous (RCAHM, 1963, 285). Stones from the structure were apparently used in the construction of a churchyard wall at St. Ninian's and the portion of the Wark which was left standing was probably left so puposely to protect Broad Street from howling winds (Drysdale, 1904, 55). The hundred foot (30. 48m) long structure is marked by its well-balanced architectural design. A central feature of the existing frontage is the archway surmounted by the Royal Arms and flanked on both sides by two octagonal staircases towers bearing the arms of the Regent Mar and those of his Countess (RCAHM, 1963, 287).

Information from Scottish Burgh Survey, ‘Historic Stirling: The Archaeological Implications of Development’, (1978).

Publication Account (1985)

The sad remains of this once large and important Renaissance mansion have been reduced to a single, roughly rectangular block, fronting on to Castle Wynd. Originally there were wings on the north and south which enclosed three sides of a rectangular courtyard, but the foundations of these are now buried under the graveyard of the Church of the Holy Rude (no. 10). Unlike its near neighbour, Argyll Lodging (no. 11), Mar's Work is essentially a one-period building, erected for the Earl of Mar between 1570 and 1572. Mar became Regent of Scotland in 1571, but died in the following year before the house was finished, and it appears that it was never, in fact, completed. In 1733 the Town Council took a lease on the site in order to turn it into a workhouse (cfthe plans to turn Argyll Lodging into an almshouse); by 1777, however, the house was roofless and in a ruinous condition. The principal feature of the building is the lavish decoration of the facade. In contrast with the rich Anglo-Netherlandish style of Argyll Lodging, Mar's Wark reflects the less flamboyant Renaissance style of design that had been introduced to Scotland from France in the 1530s. Mar was doubtless following the fashion set by James V's Palace Block in Stirling Castle (no. 36).

Apart from the twin towers that flank the entrance pend, the facade is flat, but it was richly omamented with carving that is now much weathered. The decoration includes: heraldic and inscribed panels, initial letters and dummy gargoyles in the form of cannon. High above the door archway there is a large heraldic panel which, amongst other devices, bears the royal arms of Scotland, indicating that Mar was a Crown vassal, thus entitling him to place the royal arms, in this case those ofJames (Jacobus) VI, above his own.

Information from ‘Exploring Scotland’s Heritage: The Clyde Estuary and Central Region’, (1985).

Audits (November 2015)

NS 79232 93744 (NS79SE 22) An inventory of this collection was undertaken in November 2015. The three large corbels have been stored at the Kerse Road depot in Stirling for a number of years. The corbels are worked in a very hard, medium-grained sandstone, and the most complete of the three is carved with a human demi-figure, the head of which is missing. The arms are bent, and the hands are holding a scroll carved in low-relief with the date 1572 carved in low relief. This was the date of decease of John Erskine, 1st Earl of Mar, and may also have been the year in which Mar’s Lodging was completed (a building period of 1570–72 is given in JS Fleming, ‘Regent Mar’s Ludging, Stirling’). Details of the costume are still relatively clear, with the figure wearing a close-fitting doublet with buttons on the front, slightly puffed shoulders, and with a scalloped lower edge. This and other inventories of carved stones from Historic Environment Scotland’s properties in care are held by the Collections Unit. For further information please contact

collections@hes.scot.

Mary Márkus – Archetype

(Source: DES, Volume 17)

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