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Cup And Ring Marked Rock (Prehistoric)

Site Name Auchnacraig

Classification Cup And Ring Marked Rock (Prehistoric)

Alternative Name(s) Auchnacraig 1, 2 And 4

Canmore ID 44536

Site Number NS57SW 33

NGR NS 5029 7366

NGR Description NS 5029 7366, NS 5029 7365 and NS 5029 7362

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2021.

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Administrative Areas

  • Council West Dunbartonshire
  • Parish Old Kilpatrick (Clydebank)
  • Former Region Strathclyde
  • Former District Clydebank
  • Former County Dunbartonshire

Archaeology Notes

NS57SW 33 502 736

See also NS57SW 21, NS57SW 32, NS57SW 36, NS57SW 71.

(NS 502 736) Cup and Ring Marked Rocks (NR)

OS 6" map, (1938)

Cup and ring marks on three rock outcrops "at the foot of the slope, and fully 300 yds south of.." a similar outcrop (NS57SW 32), are noted by Harvey, which may be those published on the OS 6" map.

Rock B. Some 25 x 15ft with 30 degrees dip to the west. Upwards of 90 cups, up to 1 1/2 ins diameter and 1ins. deep. Shallow ducts join groups of five, three, and two cups. Two cups only have concentric circles of two rings.

Rock C. It has 7 isolated cups 3-4 1/2 ins in diameter.

Rock D. This has 8 cups, 2 of which are 2 1/2 ins in diameter.

J Harvey 1889.

In 1951 OS field investigator identified the outcrops published on the OS 6" in the house garden of Auchnacraig, but could only see very faint marks on them but no sign of cup and ring marks. In 1966 the OS field investigator located three rocks beneath trees, all bearing cups though none bore concentric rings.

A - NS 5028 7366 - Partly moss-covered but at least 25 cup marks are visible.

B - NS 5029 7365 - Partly heather-covered. It has at least 10 cup marks.

C - NS 5029 7362. Almost covered by moss and turf; 4 cup marks visible.

Visited by OS (W M J) 10 November 1951 and (R D) 24 August 1966.


Desk Based Assessment (2012)

CFA Archaeology Ltd undertook an assessment of the cultural heritage implications of the proposed route of a replacement overhead line (XF Route) from Neilston, Renfrewshire to Windyhill, East Dunbartonshire.

Although 109 cultural heritage features were identified by the desk-based assessment of the 250m buffer around the proposed route of the replacement XF overhead line, very few of these lie along the route of the line, or in immediate vicinity of the location of any of the towers.

The overhead line replacement project has been assessed against the cultural heritage baseline. Taking into account the construction methodology to be employed and agreed mitigation strategy, it is considered that the development conforms to Local and National Policy relating to the cultural heritage resource.

Funder: Iberdrola

CFA Archaeology Ltd

Field Visit (2017)

NS 50308 73626 Whilst carrying out rock art recording training (for the ScRAP Project) a rock panel was uncovered 500mm NE of a known cup- and ring-marked outcrop (Auchnacraig 3). A flat panel lying horizontally at ground level, running E/W and measuring 1.93 x 1.00m, it has one distinct cup mark situated 800mm from its E edge and 400mm from its S edge.

Janie Munro - Association of Certificated Field Archaeologists

(Source: DES, Volume 18)

Excavation (June 2019)

NS 50290 73660 Excavations took place in June 2019, around two rock art panels in Auchnacraig Park, Faifley. These panels are known as Auchnacraig 1 and 3 in the new Scotland’s Rock art Project nomenclature. The panels are located in the former garden of Auchnacraig House which was demolished in the 1970s. Geophysical survey in this location gave indication that the foundations of this house remain extant below surface level but no above ground traces of the house survive. One small trench was opened on the E and N side of Auchnacraig 3. This rock art panel has a few cup marks on it but we found no additional symbols although a natural vesicle on the E side of the rock has the appearance of a cup mark. No features or material culture associated with the rock art were found.

Two trenches were opened around Auchnacraig 1. This is one of the most densely carved panels in West Dunbartonshire covered in a profusion of cup marks and several cups and rings. A small trench on the E side revealed a cluster of stones hard against the vertical E face of this outcrop this could be interpreted as a platform of unknown date, or perhaps is simply part of the landscaping of this location when it was a garden. This trench came down onto bedrock. The second trench, opened on the S side of the outcrop, exposed a drystone wall, which abuts the outcrop, and is likely a garden wall of 20th century date. A gap in this wall appears to be an entrance, allowing or controlling access up onto the rock outcrop itself, suggesting the rock art was made into a garden feature. A marble found in the topsoil here hints that marble games may have been played on the outcrop. A single cup mark was identified on a stone that was part of the garden wall a previously unrecorded piece of mobile rock art. No features or material culture associated with the rock art were found.

These excavations are part of a broader campaign of excavations around rock art panels to the north of Faifley called Faifley Rocks.

Archive: NRHE

Funder: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland

Kenneth Brophy, Alison Douglas and Tessa Poller – University of Glasgow

(Source: DES, Volume 20)


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