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Castlelaw And Dreghorn Training Area

Firing Range (20th Century), Firing Range (First World War), Military Training Site (First World War), Military Training Site (20th Century), Trench (First World War), Trench(S) (20th Century)

Site Name Castlelaw And Dreghorn Training Area

Classification Firing Range (20th Century), Firing Range (First World War), Military Training Site (First World War), Military Training Site (20th Century), Trench (First World War), Trench(S) (20th Century)

Canmore ID 277108

Site Number NT26SW 135

NGR NT 228 642

NGR Description NT 228 642 (centred)

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/277108

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Midlothian
  • Parish Glencorse
  • Former Region Lothian
  • Former District Midlothian
  • Former County Midlothian

Archaeology Notes

NT26SW 135 228 642 (centred)

The Castlelaw and Dreghorn Training Area (CDTA) is situated at the NE end of the Pentland Hills, its southern end on the OS 1:10,000 mapsheet and northern end on (see NT26NW 464). The southern part comprises Castlelaw Hill (488m OD), the southern flank of Woodhouselee Hill, and an area on the lower slope made up of a patchwork of rough pasture, arable fields and small areas of woodland running down to Glencorse Burn and Reservoir. The area has been used for military training since about the First World War, and an RAF vertical aerial photograph taken in 1947 (CPE/Scot/UK281, 5322) shows the Castlelaw Rifle Ranges (NT26SW 65) before they were rebuilt in the early 1980s. An extensive system of practice-trenches can also be seen, mainly on Castle Knowe (NT26SW 117), and extending in small patches of pasture and woodland across the lower slopes of both Castlelaw Hill and Woodhouselee Hill. Other features of military origin include a number of platforms, stances and structures (CDTA05 17, 105, 67), and numerous shell- and mortar-craters. Hundreds of locations are visible where the turf has been removed to create shallow fox-holes or bivouacs. These can be found throughout the training area, but they are most common in woodland on the lower ground, some being dug as recently as within the past year.

(CDTA05 17, 105, 67)

Visited by RCAHMS (AGCH) 23 June 2005

Activities

Project (March 2013 - September 2013)

A project to characterise the quantity and quality of the Scottish resource of known surviving remains of the First World War. Carried out in partnership between Historic Scotland and RCAHMS.

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