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Drottningen Af Swerige: Twageos Point, Bressay Sound, North Sea

Swedish East Indiaman (18th Century)

Site Name Drottningen Af Swerige: Twageos Point, Bressay Sound, North Sea

Classification Swedish East Indiaman (18th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Drottningen Af Sverige; Drottiningen Af Sverige; Drottinge Svenge; Queen Of Sweden; Lerwick Harbour; Twageos; Drottningen Af Sverige (Queen Of Sweden)

Canmore ID 206700

Site Number HU44SE 8010

NGR HU 483 407

NGR Description HU c. 483 407

Datum Datum not recorded

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/206700

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Shetland Islands
  • Parish Maritime - Shetland Islands
  • Former Region Shetland Islands Area
  • Former District Maritime
  • Former County Not Applicable

Archaeology Notes

HU44SE 8010 c. 483 407

N60 8.9 W1 7.8

NLO: Twageos Point [name: HU 483 407]

Bressay [name centred HU 50 40]

Bressay Sound [name centred HU 485 415]

Lerwick [name: HU 475 415].

See also HU41NW 8001.

Queen of Sweden: [max date] 12 Jan 1745

Crew saved

Archive Ref: D.6/292/1 p.30; Scottish Diver 81/1982.

Source: Shetland Archive Service [undated].

MS/3025, no. 12.

[Tentative equation]

Drottinge Svenge: [max. date] 1 Dec 1744.

Vessel outward bound, crew saved. Plundered of 'many cases of spirits' by people of Lerwick. Ship's bell presented to Kirk Session on 12th Jan. 1745

Archive Ref: TH p. 208; G.D. 144/130/30; Joffre 1982

Source: Shetland Archive Service [undated].

MS/3025, no. 15.

The Drottningen af Swerige ['Queen of Sweden'] and the Stockholm [HU41NW 8001] left Gothenburg on 9 January 1745, passing through the Skaggerak to be wrecked (in separate locations but on the same day) on the Shetland Islands in strong ENE winds. After witnessing the wreck of the Stockholm, the Drottningen sailed upwind for the shelter of Bressay Sound, only to strike a rock and sink in less than 10 fathoms [18.3m] of water on 12 January. No lives were lost in either ship. The next morning only scattered wreckage could be seen along the shore of the South Ness of Lerwick. The salvage goods recovered were sold at roup and are listed in the papers of the Vice-Admiral Court; little of the cargo was recovered.

In view of the presence of lead bars (used as ballast), the salvage of the Drottningen was attempted by William Elliot, Robert Hunter and Co, the (French) Eschauzier Brothers and George Innes and Co. During the summer of 1746, Robert Hunter and George Innes recovered 154 and 266 bars or pigs of lead respectively, while the Eschauziers recovered 1330 leads bars, four anchors and a gun of unstated size, all the property of the Swedish Asiatick Co.

The premium for the insurance of the Drottningen was only paid on 30 April 1745, the Royal Exchange Insurance in London paid out to the extent of 90% of the loss in November of the same year. Neither the captain (Carl Johan Treutiger), the first pilot (Carl Gustaf Lehman) nor the supercargoes were held to blame, and all made further voyages for the company.

The Drottningen was built in Stockholm for the Chinese trade of the Swedish East India Company, and left the yard in September 1741. With dimensions of about 147ft (44.8m) by 39ft (11.9m) and 18.5ft (5.6m), she weighed 950 tons and was the biggest ship built for the company since its inception in 1731. She carried 130 men and 32 guns, and cost 152,480 silver daler (12,500 pounds sterling).

The wreck was rediscovered by J-C Joffre on 16 October 1979 in 50ft [15m] depth of water, being distinguished by the many lead ingots lying in a hollow in the rocky bottom. The remains lie within the limits of Lerwick harbour and detailed study ('excavation') of about 5% of its area has revealed over 350 artifacts, which were recovered for conservation. The include cannon, lead ingots, complete wine bottles, gin jars, navigational instruments, pewter plate and china, and a wooden block.

[The location of the wreck is not accurately stated, and further operations are said to be projected].

J-C Joffre 1982 (NMRS, MS/829/41).

(Classified as East Indiaman: date of loss cited as 12 January 1745). Drottningen af Sverige (Queen of Sweden): this vessel was lost at Twageos, Lerwick Harbour.

Registration: swedish. 950 tons [unspecified]. Length: 44m. Beam: 12m.

(Location of loss cited as N60 9.5 W1 8.5).

I G Whittaker 1998.

Pre-disturbance survey of this wreck indicates guns, ingots and scattered artifacts near a flint ballast mound at what appear to be the entrances to two gullies. No structural remains are indicated as apparent beneath a cover of sparse kelp; the depth and accurate location are not cited.

Visited by S Liscoe (ADU) and Shetland ScotSAC, 17 October 1990.

NMRS, MS/829/9 and MS 5456.

(Name cited as Drottiningen af Sverige). The Shetland Museum has acquired all ('many hundreds') of the artifacts raised from this wreck. These await listing and formal accession.

NMRS, MS829/65.

The location that is assigned to this record is essentially tentative, but falls within the ill-defined area of Lerwick Harbour (HU44SE 32: centred HU 47722 41345). This takes the form of an extensive roadstead which comprises the waters of Bressay Sound between the narrow Northern entrance (around HU 475 445) and the broader Southern entrance (around HU 483 400). The main facilities are to be found around HU 477 414, on the W side of the Sound; recent development extends Northwards from this point.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 5 October 2007.

Activities

Diver Inspection (12 August 1990 - 27 August 1990)

Pre-disturbance survey of this wreck indicates guns, ingots and scattered artifacts near a flint ballast mound at what appear to be the entrances to two gullies. No structural remains are indicated as apparent beneath a cover of sparse kelp; the depth and accurate location are not cited.

Visited by S Liscoe (ADU) and Shetland ScotSAC, 17 October 1990.

NMRS, MS/829/9 and MS 5456.

Side Scan Sonar Survey (23 September 2011 - 25 September 2011)

Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by Historic Scotland to undertake geophysical survey over a number of wreck sites off the coast of Shetland; in total eight wrecks were surveyed in detail by side scan sonar. A further three sites were visited but unable to be surveyed due to bad weather. Of the eight wreck surveys only one survey did not reveal any geophysical anomalies of archaeological interest, this was the Aith Voe Hull, a named location. Three wreck surveys identified definite archaeological anomalies and the remaining four wreck surveys identified numerous geophysical anomalies, some of them of archaeological potential. The surveys have informed upon the environment and condition of the wrecks and quantitative information has been added to the body of work already existing.

The eight wrecks include Wrangels Palais, Gwladmena, Glenisla, Drottingen af Swerige, HMS Cheerful and three unknown possibly including MTB 686.

Geophysical Survey (23 September 2011 - 25 September 2011)

Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by Historic Scotland to undertake geophysical survey over a number of wreck sites off the coast of Shetland; in total eight wrecks were surveyed in detail by side scan sonar. A further three sites were visited but unable to be surveyed due to bad weather.

Of the eight wreck surveys only one survey did not reveal any geophysical anomalies of archaeological interest, this was the Aith Voe Hull, a named location. Three wreck surveys identified definite archaeological anomalies and the remaining four wreck surveys identified numerous geophysical anomalies, some of them of archaeological potential. The surveys have informed upon the environment and condition of the wrecks and quantitative information has been added to the body of work already existing.

In addition multibeam bathymetry data were acquired from the UKHO (United Kingdom Hydrographic Office) and processed and interpreted by Wessex Archaeology. The multibeam bathymetry data analysis identified fine anomalies of potential archaeological interest and showed the presence of partially infilled palaeochannels, glimpsing the submerged prehistory of Shetland. The context for these palaeochannels is summarised and further work suggested to build on this.

Information from OASIS ID: waherita1-298431 (P Baggaley) 2011

Reference (2011)

Whittaker ID : 6757

Name : DROTTNINGEN AF SVERIGE (QUEEN OF SWEDEN)

Latitude : 600930

Longitude : 10830

Registration : SWEDISH

Type : EAST-INDIAMAN

Tonnage : 950

Length : 44

Beam : 12

Draught : 6m

Loss Day : 12

Loss Month : 1

Loss Year : 1745

Comment : Lost at Twageos, Lerwick Harbour.

Underwater Archaeology (28 February 2018)

Wessex Archaeology (Scotland) (WA) was commissioned by Historic Environment Scotland (HES) to carry out an undesignated site assessment of the Drottningen af Sverige (Queen of Sweden) as part of the Scottish Underwater Archaeological Services contract (HS/C/2804). The objectives were to collate all plans and geophysical data of the wreck, to undertake a diving assessment to delineate the principal surviving areas and extent of archaeological potential and to enhance the photographic record of visible features. This is with a view to provide recommendations to HES prior to a decision being taken to potentially designate the site as an historic Marine Protected Area (MPA).

Information from OASIS ID: waherita1-298315 (D Atkinson) 2018

References

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