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In recognition of the essential restrictions and measures imposed by the Scottish and UK Governments, we have closed all sites, depots and offices, including the HES Archives and Library, with immediate effect. Read our latest statement on Coronavirus (COVID-19).


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The courtyard of a castle, i.e. the area enclosed by the rampart or curtain wall. Use with wider site type where known.

Related Terms

Term Note
MOTTE A steep-sided artificial mound on which the principal tower of a castle is set.
MOTTE AND BAILEY An early form of castle consisting of a flat-topped, steep-sided earthen mound, supporting a wooden tower, and accompanied by a bailey.
RINGWORK A defensive bank and ditch, circular or oval in plan, surrounding one or more buildings. Linked Data resource