Accessibility

Font Size

100% 150% 200%

Background Colour

Default Contrast
Close Reset

We have updated our mapping software and are trying out some new background mapping layers. Please let us know what you think by clicking here.

Bucholly Castle

Castle (Medieval), Field Boundary(S) (Period Unassigned), Midden (Period Unassigned), Rig And Furrow (Medieval)

Site Name Bucholly Castle

Classification Castle (Medieval), Field Boundary(S) (Period Unassigned), Midden (Period Unassigned), Rig And Furrow (Medieval)

Alternative Name(s) Bucholie, Can 078

Canmore ID 9301

Site Number ND36NE 7

NGR ND 3821 6583

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/9301

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2019.

Toggle Aerial | View on large map

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Highland
  • Parish Canisbay
  • Former Region Highland
  • Former District Caithness
  • Former County Caithness

Archaeology Notes

ND36NE 7 3821 6583.

(ND 3821 6583) Bucholly Castle (NR) (remains of)

OS 1:10,000 map, (1975)

Buchollie (Mowat 1931) or Bucholie (RCAHMS; MacGibbon and Ross) Castle: This castle, dating from the period 1400 - 1542, stands on a peninsula 100ft high, cut off from land by a trench 7ft wide and 9ft deep.

The keep which rose from the edge of this trench measured only 14 by 20ft over all. Only the W wall, standing 30ft high, and a part of the S wall remain. The walls of the vaulted basement are 4ft thick, but on the floors above, only about 2 1/2ft.

An entrance passage 4 1/2ft wide gave access to a long narrow courtyard, flanked by buildings mostly bonded with clay.

An extensive kitchen midden lies along the cliff-top to seaward. The castle was formerly known as Freswick. The property belonged to the Mowats from the time of Robert I (1306-29) until 1661, when it passed to the Sinclairs.

RCAHMS 1911, visited 1910; D MacGibbon and T Ross 1887-92; J Mowat 1931.

Bucholly Castle (the locally accepted spelling) is as described and planned by the previous authorities. The buildings on the W side of the courtyard survive as grass-covered walling about 1.3m high. The kitchen midden is no longer visible.

Revised at 1:2500.

Visited by OS (R D) 9 September 1965.

Seven small fragments of brownish unglazed pottery from a refuse heap at Bucholly Castle were donated to the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland (NMAS) by A O Curle.

Proc Soc Antiq Scot 1911

Midden deposit sampled. Erosion is extreme on all sides of the castle.

C E Batey 1982.

Bucholie Castle has been identified with 'Lamba-borg' mentioned about 1143 in the Orkneyinga Saga. This would imply an earlier castle on the site. (But see also ND36NE 1.)

R G Lamb 1980

Bucholly Castle is as described and illustrated. The surviving lower foundations are covered by thick vegetation.

Visited by OS (J B) 12 August 1982.

Activities

Project (1980 - 1982)

Field Visit (1982)

Midden deposit sampled. Erosion is extreme on all sides of the castle.

C E Batey 1982.

References

MyCanmore Image Contributions


Contribute an Image

MyCanmore Text Contributions