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Stobs Camp

Hospital (First World War), Military Camp (First World War), Military Camp (Second World War), Military Training Site (20th Century), Prisoner Of War Camp (First World War)

Site Name Stobs Camp

Classification Hospital (First World War), Military Camp (First World War), Military Camp (Second World War), Military Training Site (20th Century), Prisoner Of War Camp (First World War)

Alternative Name(s) Stobs Castle Camp; Winningtonrig; Stobs Pow Hospital

Canmore ID 86444

Site Number NT40NE 56

NGR NT 4992 0943

NGR Description Centred NT 4992 0943

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/86444

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
© Copyright and database right 2017.

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Scottish Borders, The
  • Parish Cavers
  • Former Region Borders
  • Former District Roxburgh
  • Former County Roxburghshire

World War One Audit of Surviving Remains (7 October 2013)

The military training camp at Stobs was established in 1902. As contemporary photographs show, the core buildings of the camp were supplemented by large tented encampments as units, delivered to the site by railway to the camp's station, used the training area.

The 3rd epoch OS map, surveyed in 1917, shows not only the PoW camp to the north, but also the buildings of the training camp. The map labels the men's hutments (about 14 buildings), a YMCA Institute and a separate officers' mess. The 4th epoch map, surveyed in 1938, shows exactly the same layout of buildings.

Modern satellite photography shows that further huts were added to the core of the camp during the Second World War, and also that all the building footings of the core camp survive. Two of the original buildings seem to survive in situ, at NT 50241 09242 and NT 50242 09240.

Information from HS/RCAHMS World War One Audit Project (GJB) 7 October 2013.

Architecture Notes

NMRS REFERENCE:

Inventory to Hawick Museum drawings - typescript

Activities

Note (25 April 1996 - March 2006)

A detailed plan of Stobs Prisoners-of-war Camp from 1917 is held in the Wilton House Museum, Hawick. It shows that the camp consisted of some 80 huts and a 150 bed hospital and could accommodate 4,500 men. It was built at a cost of £46,500 and was grouped into four 'camps' lettered from A to D with the hospital at the SW end. The camp also incorporated a light-railway system, YMCA (outside the fence), stores, workshops and a post-office.

The area had been used by the Territorial Army for some years before the First World War and was used by the army until the early 1950s, the camps are still depicted on the latest OS maps (OS 1:10000 map, 1982).

Information from RCAHMS (DE) 25 April 1996

The military camp at Stobs is situated about 600m SW of the now closed Stobs railway station.

The footings of the camp are still extant within in an area occupying about 22.36 hectares and the training area to the SW and S as far as Penchrise Pen (NT 4908 0622).

The First World War Prisoner- of- War Hospital of six huts is at NT 49675 09216 and aerial phtographs taken in 1991 (J Dent, The Scottish Borders Council) show that there had been additional huts added during the Second World War.

The military training area, camp and prisoner-of-war camp is visible on vertical air photographs (106G/Scot/UK 4333201 3208 and 4200-4203, flown 24 June 1945).

The original pre-First World War camp is depicted on 2nd edition OS 6-inch map (Roxburghshire, sheet, 1902, sheet xxxii).

The military training camp opened in 1902 after the Government purchased the land from the Elliots of Stobs Castle. During the First World War an additional hundred huts were built upslope of the main camp to house German prisoners-of-war and German nationals resident in the United Kingdom. Further Nissen huts were before and during the Second World War for prisoners-of-war. Following the cessation of hostilities in 1945 the camp housed some Polish Troops and by 1959 all military connections had been severed (A Wham 2004).

Information from RCAHMS (DE), March 2006

External Reference (1999)

Stobs Army Camp was operational around 1903 and was used through both World Wars until 1956 when it was closed and dismantled. It housed a maximum of about 2,000 men and during the First World War it also housed prisoners of war. The campsite covers a large area and includes rifle ranges and other training areas for which much evidence can still be seen.

The road system with many hut bases, a few huts and some brick and concrete buildings survive on the W side of the B6399 public road, S of Hawick and just N of Stobs Castle. There is a rifle range and WWI trench system near-by.

J Guy 1999; NMRS MS 810/8, 19-20

Project (March 2013 - September 2013)

A project to characterise the quantity and quality of the Scottish resource of known surviving remains of the First World War. Carried out in partnership between Historic Scotland and RCAHMS.

Note

NT40NE 56.00 centred 4992 0943

See also NT40NE 57 for further practice trenches

NT40NE 56.01 centred NT 4890 0650 Trenches

NT40NE 56.02 from NT 48687 07286 to NT 48586 07743 Rifle Range

NT40NE 56.03 from NT 49286 06981 to NT 49664 07389 Rifle Range

NT40NE 56.04 from NT 4841 0736 to NT 4869 0731 to c.NT 4895 0756 Tramway

NT40NE 56.05 from NT 4885 0734 to NT 4908 0798 Rifle Range

NT40NE 56.06 from NT 4984 0953 to NT 5046 1079 (NT51NW) Tramway

First World War training camp, visible on J Dent aerial photographs, taken in 1991.

Watching Brief

NT 5011 0949 – NT 4969 0948 – NT 4937 0956 A watching

brief was carried out 17–31 August 2009 during groundbreaking

works associated the excavation of 14 foundation

pits for new electricity poles. The route passed through

a former military camp but no archaeological features or

finds were encountered.

Archive: RCAHMS

Funder: Scottish Power

References

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