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Woodhead, Lead Mines And Smelter

Lead Mine (19th Century), Lead Smelter (19th Century), Village (Period Unassigned)

Site Name Woodhead, Lead Mines And Smelter

Classification Lead Mine (19th Century), Lead Smelter (19th Century), Village (Period Unassigned)

Canmore ID 63884

Site Number NX59SW 1

NGR NX 531 936

NGR Description Centred NX 531 936

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
© Copyright and database right 2018.

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish Carsphairn
  • Former Region Dumfries And Galloway
  • Former District Stewartry
  • Former County Kirkcudbrightshire

Archaeology Notes

NX59SW 1.00 centred 531 936

NX59SW 1.01 NX 531 936 Lead Mine; Lead smelter

NX59SW 1.02 Centred NX 529 936 Miners' Rows; Buildings

Lead was mined at Woodhead by the proprietor, Col M Cathcart, between 1840 and 1873. A large 'model' village, whose population became about 300, was built with a school and schoolhouse. The most modern smelting and crushing equipment was installed. When the mine was closed, the shafts were fenced off and used as rubbish tips. The depopulated houses are now ruinous.

J Sassoon 1969.

Desk-based assessments and surveys were carried out between October and December 2002 at three metal mining sites in Galloway. [see NX37SE 12 and NX56SW 2 also]

NX 532 936 Woodhead Mine, near Carsphairn. The Scheduled remains include: a lead smelter; lade systems; dressing floors; shafts; and a deserted mining village incorporating miners¿ cottages, garden plots, school library and administration building. Earlier settlement remains in the form of buildings and property boundaries are also present. The survey confirmed that Woodhead Mine has undergone significant alteration at its core, with the removal of a great deal of mine spoil for track building. The structural elements are in a poor state of preservation, the worst being the smelter chimneys and the remains of the school. Other features, such as shafts and adits, were found to be in a generally good condition.

Report lodged with Dumfries and Galloway SMR and the NMRS.

Sponsors: HS, Dumfries and Galloway Council.

M Cressey and K Hicks 2003


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