Abbey St Bathans Church
Church (14th Century), Nunnery (12th Century), War Memorial (20th Century)
Site Name Abbey St Bathans Church
Alternative Name(s) Abbey St Bathan's Kirk; St Bathan's Church; St Bathan's Convent: War Memorial Plaque
Canmore ID 58780
Site Number NT76SE 9
NGR NT 75852 62281
Datum OSGB36 - NGR
- Council Scottish Borders, The
- Parish Abbey St Bathans
- Former Region Borders
- Former District Berwickshire
- Former County Berwickshire
NT76SE 9.00 75852 62281
NT76SE 9.01 75863 62266 Churchyard
(NT 75852 62281) St Bathan's Church (NAT).
(NT 7586 6233) St Bathan's Convent (NR) (Site of).
OS 6" map, Berwickshire, 2nd ed.,(1908).
The parish church of Abbey St Bathans incorporates, in the east and north walls, late 14th century remains of the Church of the Priory of St Mary - a Cistercian nunnery founded in the late 12th or early 13th centuries (exact date unknown) and secularised in 1622.
The Priory church measured 58ft by 26ft but was contracted, about the end of the 18th century, by moving the west wall further east. Foundations have been observed to the east of the church and for a considerable distance to the west.
RCAHMS 1915; D E Easson 1957; New Statistical Account (NSA, J Wallace 1834), 1845.
St Bathan's Church is still in use for public worship: no foundations were seen and no further information was obtained locally.
Visited by OS(EGC) 9 May 1966.
The National Library of Scotland contains among the 'Uncatelogued MSS of General Hutton and numbered 32 in Vol 11 a sketch of what is called St Bathan's Nunnery, the SE view and dated 1788. The ruins of the old church are situated on the Whiteadder Water about 6 miles nearly due S of Cockburnspath. It is said that no relics remain of the Priory for Cistercian Nuns founded at Abbey St Bathams in the XII century.
Publication Account (1985)
The ubiquitous dark green paintwork on the interesting range of vernacular house types confirms that Abbey St Bathan's is very much an estate village, built just above a ford on the Whiteadder Water. It is also the site of the ancient Cistercian monastery ofSt Botha founded in the later 12th century by Ada, countess of Dun bar. The last prioress, Elizabeth Lamb, disposed of the lands of Nunmeadow, Nunbutts and Nunflat to John Renton of Billie in 1558. Inside the church lies the effigy of a nun, apparently a prioress dressed in a full tunic, her hands joined in prayer and two veils over her head. There are also the remains of a crozier within her right arm-a rare example that confirms not only that priors used the crozier in addition to abbots, but some Cistercian prioresses too. The effigy is probably late 15th-early 16th century.
As to the church itsel, most is late 18th century; only the east wall with its late 14th century round-headed windows, and lower parts of the north wall remain from an earlier period, whilst the later flavour of Reformation and Presbyterianism is reflected in the wall-painted texts flanking the Table and window at the east end.
Just inside the entrance, a remarkably well-preserved early 18th century gravestone reflects well not just upon a contemporary minister, George Home, died 1705, but on the concern of his wife, Jean Hamilton, for the endowment after her death in 1719 of a school at Abbey St Bathan's.
Information from 'Exploring Scotland's Heritage: Lothian and Borders', (1985).
Project (February 2014 - July 2014)
A data upgrade project to record war memorials.
Note (23 July 2015)
Within the church there is a bronze plaque set in a marble mount with four names inscribed who fell in the First World War.
The iscription reads 'To the glorious memory of those of this Parish who fell in the Great War 1914-1919. Their Name liveth for evermore'
Second Lieutenant James Lawson, Private Ralph Dodds, Private William Yule, Private James Yule.
Information from RCAHMS (AKK) 23 July 2015
Visibility: Visibility: Upstanding building, which may not be intact.
Information from Scottish Borders Council