Accessibility

Font Size

100% 150% 200%

Background Colour

Default Contrast
Close Reset

Our online mapping services, aerial photography and satellite imaging layers are undergoing scheduled maintenance on Sundays in June. Service might be intermittent or unavailable on 6, 20 and 27 June. Thank you for your patience.

 

Helenton

Motte (Medieval)

Site Name Helenton

Classification Motte (Medieval)

Alternative Name(s) Pow Burn; Helenton Mote

Canmore ID 41987

Site Number NS33SE 7

NGR NS 3931 3111

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/41987

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2021.

Toggle Aerial | View on large map

Administrative Areas

  • Council South Ayrshire
  • Parish Symington (Kyle And Carrick)
  • Former Region Strathclyde
  • Former District Kyle And Carrick
  • Former County Ayrshire

Archaeology Notes

NS33SE 7 3931 3111

(NS 3932 3111) Helenton Mote (NR)

OS 6" map (1967)

Helenton Mote is listed as a motte (G G Simpson, B Webster and G Stell 1970). It is described in the ONB (1856) as a small oval knoll, partly natural and partly artificial, rising suddenly to a height of about 30ft above the general surface. Smith notes a ditch on its S side; though the NSA (1845, J Dunlop) mentions a ruin on this mound, he could find no remains of it.

NSA 1845; Name Book 1856; J Smith 1895; G G Simpson, B Webster and G Stell 1970.

This is an almost square-topped mound measuring 14.5m by 12.5m. The top is considerably mutilated and its appearance is spoiled by tipping on and around it. Its height varies from 3.5m on the S to 6.0m on the E, where there is a ditch and outer bank. The ditch is 2.5m broad, bank 0.5m high on the counterscarp and 1.5m on the scarp slope. It is 4.0m

in breadth. On the NE a narrow drystone wall, 1.0m wide, bridges the ditch and is apparently quite old. If this was the approach to the motte in early times, there is now no sign of a road up to the top of it at this point. The motte is covered in trees and vegatation.

Visited by OS (JLD) 28 May 1954

Helenton Mote: name verified. This motte, prominently situated above the Pow Burn, had a probable circular base about 35m in overall diameter. The levelled top now measures some 14m E-W by 16m transversely. The W and S sides have been slightly truncated by a road and house develoment, but a probably original profile around the N and E sides shows no trace, or need, of an outer ditch; the steep sides fall away to low boggy ground by the burn. The ditch described on the E side by OS (JLD) is a fortuitous arrangement of a late and substantial bank, probably associated with nearby mill site, skirting around the motte and continuing to the S under a recent building stance. Smith's mention of a ditch on the S side appears feasible, as this is the lowest side, of easiest approach. On the top, and off-centre, is a circular earthen mound about 6m in diameter and 0.3m high. Its purpose is obscure and its relevance to the NSA account of a ruin is doubtful.

Helenton Mote house on the S side of the motte was built in the late 1960s.

Revised at 1:2500.

Visited by OS (JRL) 14 May 1982

This motte is situated on the edge of an escarpment overlooking the Pow Burn, 300m NNW of Helenton. It stands to a height of 8.5m on the E and 4.2 on the W, and its roughly square summit is up to 13.8m across. A mill pond, now dry, has been formed at the base of the mound on the N and E; it served Helenton Mill, which formerly stood 80m to the S. In 1839 it was recorded that a ruin stood upon the summit of the motte.

NSA 1845; Name Book 1856; OS 6-inch map, Ayrshire, 1st ed. (1860), sheet xxii; J Smith 1895; G Stell 1985; RCAHMS 1985, visited (IMS) April 1985.

References

MyCanmore Image Contributions


Contribute an Image

MyCanmore Text Contributions