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Corpach, United States Naval Base

Naval Establishment (First World War)

Site Name Corpach, United States Naval Base

Classification Naval Establishment (First World War)

Canmore ID 332062

Site Number NN07NE 46

NGR NN 09 76

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/332062

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Highland
  • Parish Kilmallie
  • Former Region Highland
  • Former District Lochaber
  • Former County Inverness-shire

World War One Audit of Surviving Remains (8 August 2013)

In 1917 it was decided that the United States and Britain would jointly create a barrier of mines between Scotland and Norway to restrict the movement into the Atlantic of German submarines.

The United States Navy established two naval bases, at Inverness (Naval Base 18) and Invergordon (Naval Base 17), where mines, shipped in pieces from the United States to the west coast of Scotland, were assembled, by US naval personnel, prior to being loaded onto American mine-laying ships. Two bases had to be established because Inverness Harbour was not large enough to accommodate enough mine-laying ships at once.

The mines were landed from the United States at Kyle of Lochalsh (from where up to 2,000 mines a week were moved by train to Invergordon) and Corpach (from where up to 1,500 mines a week were shipped through the Caledonian Canal to Inverness).

A small base was established at Corpach, at the southern end of the Caledonian Canal, and a large house, known as Ravensdale, was requisitioned to accommodate the officers and men. The mine landing station was provided with protection in the form of a coast defence battery at Corran Ferry.

The site of the base is unlocated but the former Second World War site of HMS Christopher (see NN07NE 39) may be the former US naval base.

Information from HS/RCAHMS World War One Audit Project (GJB) 5 August 2013.

Activities

Project (March 2013 - September 2013)

A project to characterise the quantity and quality of the Scottish resource of known surviving remains of the First World War. Carried out in partnership between Historic Scotland and RCAHMS.

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