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Balgonie Castle

Castle (Medieval), Tower House (Medieval)

Site Name Balgonie Castle

Classification Castle (Medieval), Tower House (Medieval)

Alternative Name(s) Balgonie Castle Policies

Canmore ID 31389

Site Number NO30SW 4

NGR NO 31250 00692

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/31389

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Fife
  • Parish Markinch
  • Former Region Fife
  • Former District Kirkcaldy
  • Former County Fife

Archaeology Notes

NO30SW 4.00 31250 00692

NO30SW 4.01 31000 00635 Walled Garden

NO30SW 4.02 31067 00693 Gardener's Cottage

NO30SW 4.03 31333 00566 Gate Piers and Boundary Wall

NO30SW 4.04 31065 00833 Turbine House

NO30SW 4.05 31077 00695 Summerhouse

(NO 3127 0068) Balgonie Castle (NR) (In Ruins) Tower (NR) Ditch (NR)

OS 6" map (1938)

Balgonie Castle is the ruin of an early 15th century tower, set at the NW angle of a later enclosure, the north east sides of which consist of ranges of outbuildings and the entrance to which is covered by a banquette and ditch, probably not earlier than the 17th century. The tower is unusually well masoned; is oblong on plan and measures 15 1/2' from ground to parapet. There are four storeys beneath the wall-head. The walls are of ashlar.

RCAHMS 1933

The walls, buildings and earthworks still remain as described above. The castle is unoccupied.

Visited by OS (JFC), 4 October 1954

Balgonie Castle: the tower walls and roof are intact but the roof is now in poor condition. The building in the SE corner is complete, with masonry recently repointed. Now used as a store. All remaining walls in coursed ashlar and standing, on average, about 16 feet high.

Visited by OS Reviser (J Skinner), 17 November 1959

Excavations in 1978 within the courtyard revealed an earlier E and S range, as well as traces of other buildings which were not fully excavated. These buildings seem to have been demolished for an extensive rebuilding programme in the 1640's.

R S Will and T N Dixon 1995.

Architecture Notes

NO30SW 4.00 31250 00692

NO30SW 4.01 31000 00635 Walled Garden

NO30SW 4.02 31067 00693 and 31077 00695 Gardener's Cottage and Outbuildings (Summerhouse)

NO30SW 4.03 31333 00566 Gate Piers and Boundary Wall

NO30SW 4.04 31065 00833 Turbine House

EXTERNAL REFERENCE: Scottish Record Office

Advertisement and document containing particulars of Balgonie Estate in preparation for sale includes a general description of Balgonie Castle.

1816 and 1821 GD 26/5/738

Account of repairs of the house of Balgonie for my lord Chamberlain (Earl of Rothes).

1666 GD 26/6/134

EXTERNAL REFERENCE: Edinburgh Public Library, James Grant's Sketch Book.MSS Nos.371,372,373, - View of Keep, gate and details, circa 1850

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