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Brookfield House

Palisaded Enclosure (Bronze Age), Pottery Scatter (Bronze Age), Roundhouse(S) (Bronze Age), Cinerary Urn (Bronze Age)(Possible), Organic Material(S) (Bone)(Bronze Age)

Site Name Brookfield House

Classification Palisaded Enclosure (Bronze Age), Pottery Scatter (Bronze Age), Roundhouse(S) (Bronze Age), Cinerary Urn (Bronze Age)(Possible), Organic Material(S) (Bone)(Bronze Age)

Alternative Name(s) Gwest (Golf Developement)

Canmore ID 300441

Site Number NN80NE 41

NGR NN 898 097

NGR Description NN 898 097 and NN 899 097

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number AC0000807262. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Perth And Kinross
  • Parish Blackford
  • Former Region Tayside
  • Former District Perth And Kinross
  • Former County Perthshire


Excavation (August 2007 - July 2008)

NN 898 097 and NN 899 097 A watching brief and subsequent evaluation discovered a prehistoric (probably Bronze Age) landscape in an upland setting. Excavations revealed a number of probable Bronze Age roundhouses. Work was undertaken August 2007–July 2008.

A watching brief was carried out during a topsoil strip in advance of groundwork for the gWest development.

A previous evaluation had identified two areas (X and Y) as having archaeological potential. A total of 26 pits were discovered and excavated, two of which contained fragments of prehistoric pottery and one burnt bone.

A further evaluation of 41,107m² identified five areas of extensive prehistoric remains, as well as a suite of isolated features in 11 other trenches. In these areas at least 14 roundhouse structures, three possible grain silos, a large elliptical palisaded enclosure and a possible cremation urn were uncovered, as well as an array of associated features including pits, postholes and linear features (possible small palisades). These areas were subsequently excavated.

The excavation of Golf Area P (Palisaded Enclosure) discovered a large elliptical palisaded settlement containing two large post-built roundhouses, two four-poster structures, a suite of isolated internal features and several isolated external features.

In Golf Area P (Houses) five post-built Bronze Age prehistoric roundhouses were excavated, along with 117

external features which included large elongated pits, circular and sub-circular pits and linear features.

Excavations at Westmoor House discovered a single postbuilt roundhouse with an entrance and porch facing SE. Despite the heavily truncated ring-groove, the diameter was calculated as 11.5m. There were a few internal features the functions of which could not be fully determined, and some evidence of internal house divisions. The entrance was defined by four large postholes and the subsoil between them was heavily worn. The hollow created by wear was filled with a flat paving stone.

Excavations at Brookfield House discovered one roundhouse and a possible four-post structure, alongside an

array of isolated features. There were no intercutting features and no apparent post replacements, which suggests a single main phase of occupation. A small finds assemblage of burnt bone and Bronze Age pottery was recovered from contexts in House 1.

Excavations at Westmoor A discovered two roundhouses and one other possible earlier structure, along with three isolated features. Excavations at Westmoor B recorded the remains of two post-built roundhouses (House 1 and 2), the remains of three other structures (Structures 1, 2 and 3) and a burnt mound.

Excavations at Golf Area H discovered one probable circular structure, 143 isolated pits, two probable structures (Area A and B), and a linear feature.

Archive: RCAHMS and Perth and Kinross SMR

Chris O'Connell (CFA Archaeology), 2008


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