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St Adamnan's Cross

Cross Slab (Early Medieval)

Site Name St Adamnan's Cross

Classification Cross Slab (Early Medieval)

Canmore ID 24531

Site Number NN64NW 4

NGR NN 6253 4768

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Perth And Kinross
  • Parish Fortingall
  • Former Region Tayside
  • Former District Perth And Kinross
  • Former County Perthshire

Early Medieval Carved Stones Project (11 May 2016)

Craigianie, St Adamanan’s Cross, Perthshire, cross-slab

Measurements: H 1.20m, W 0.50m, D 0.40m to 0.15m

Stone type:

Place of discovery: NN 6253 4768

Present location: in situ on a small knoll on the east side of River Lyon.

Evidence for discovery: recorded in the 1920s.

Present condition:


This small upright slab is incised with a cross on both broad faces.

Date: seventh to ninth centuries.

References: Watson 1926, 271.

Compiled by A Ritchie 2016

Archaeology Notes

NN64NW 6 6253 4768.

The simple incised cross of St Adamnan stands on the S side of the road a little way beyond Craig Dianaidh (Creageanie: NN 627 477), between Slatich and Camus Urachan.

T R Barnett 1944

The small upright slab with a cross on either side, one of them very small, stands on a knoll called Tom a' Mhoid, "the moot hill".

W J Watson 1926

NN 6253 4768. This small cross-slab, inclined to the S, was located at the side of the road on top of a mutilated natural knoll. It measures 1.2m high by 0.5m broad, and varies in thickness from 0.4m at the base to 0.15m at the top. Name "St Adamnan's Cross" confirmed.

Surveyed at 1:10,000.

Visited by OS (JB) 19 September 1975


Excavation (23 April 2018 - 28 April 2018)

NN 58171 46767 and NN 6253 4768 A programme of work

was undertaken, 23–28 April 2017 and 23–26 April 2018. The

first season focused on carrying out resistivity and magnetic

gradiometer surveys of two possible early medieval sites in

Glen Lyon, Cladh Bhranno (Kerrowmore) and St Adamnan’s

Cross (Craigeanie). The second season focused on opening

test pits on each site to investigate the results of the surveys.

Cladh Bhranno: The results of the surveys in 2017 show the

possible presence of a circular ditch and bank on the N edge

of the knoll upon which Cladh Bhranno sits. NE of the burial

ground, under the rubble cairn which dominates the field

visually today, an E/W oriented stone structure seems to be

the foundations of a rectangular building, which coincides

with an unroofed structure shown in this location on the 1st

Edition OS map.

St Adamnan’s Cross: The carved stone sits at the top of a

very steep circular knoll. A line of high magnetic response

with an outer halo of low magnetic response on the slope of

the hill may represent an attempt at levelling up and creating

a platform at the top of the hill.

Season 2 focused in Cladh Bhranno on the possible

circular enclosure at the N edge of the burial ground.

The removal of the topsoil revealed dark brown silty clay

subsoil with pebble inclusion, divided E/W (and possibly

cut) by a robbed-out circular stone bank. The stones were

not coursed and exhibited no bonding material, although

hollows between stones were filled with an orange-brown

gravel. The exposed section of the structure extended 1.2m

long (N/S) and 1m wide (E/W), continuing beyond the

extent of the test pit around the graveyard. At St Adamnan’s

Cross, the investigation of the anomaly around the summit

of the hill showed, after removal of the topsoil, a reddishbrown

silty clay subsoil with significant pebble inclusions.

This anomaly was likely due to the by-product of quarrying

activities, and there was no evidence for creating a platform.

Archive: Physical – NRHE (intended). Other – University of

Glasgow (intended). Report: Centre for Scottish and Celtic

Studies, University of Glasgow (intended)

Funder: Centre for Scottish and Celtic Studies, University of Glasgow

Anouk Busset, Adrian Maldonado and Megan Kasten –

University of Glasgow (AB), National Museums of Scotland

(AM), and University of Glasgow (MK)


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