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Tiree, Kilmoluaig, 13 Kilmoluaig

Croft (19th Century), Thatched Cottage (19th Century)

Site Name Tiree, Kilmoluaig, 13 Kilmoluaig

Classification Croft (19th Century), Thatched Cottage (19th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Black House; Cnoc Bhiosta; Croft House And Steading; Kilmoluag

Canmore ID 21434

Site Number NL94NE 25

NGR NL 97114 46089

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Argyll And Bute
  • Parish Tiree
  • Former Region Strathclyde
  • Former District Argyll And Bute
  • Former County Argyll


Field Visit (28 August 2014)

NL 97115 46096 This early 19th century cottage, listed as being flanked by byre/barn at each gable end and having ‘piended thatched roofs to cottage and one barn; tarred felt to second’. The barn to the north has a felt roof, whilst the barn to the south is in a ruinous condition, though the owner is in the process of restoring the south barn and building a new roof. The main cottage remains thatched. The whole roof, including across the ridge, has been netted and weighted down using thin ropes and stones. The stone weights run around the entire circumference of the building just above the wallhead, openings and around the chimney stacks at either end. No photographs are available for this entry.

Visited by Zoe Herbert (SPAB) 28 August 2014, survey no.037

Field Visit

These thatched and hip-roofed buildings of thick-walled Hebridean type occupy a site on Cnoc Bhiosta. The buildings, which probably date from the first half of the 19th century, are grouped in a linear plan comprising dwelling, store, and barn, and are associated with a walled enclosure which remains partly in use as a stackyard. Buildings of a later date, which have walls of lesser thickness and roofs of tarred felt, adjoin the SE angle and the N end of the range, serving respectively as stable and byre (formerly workshop).

The dwelling-house, which faces E, is oblong on plan, and measures 13'1 m from N to S by 7'4 m transversely over walls varying in thickness between 1'5 m and 1·8 m. The masonry comprises local random rubble, pointed for the most part with lime mortar, and the walls, which are slightly battered, have squared external angles. An exposed wall-head, about 0'9 m in average width and partly grass-grown, runs round the building and is reached by stone steps set into the N end-wall close to the NE angle. The doorway and windows have deep open reveals which are lintelled only over their inner sections, roughly corresponding to the thickness of the thatch overlying the inner portion of the wall-head. The roof has a rounded ridge-profile and the thatch, which is of bent-grass, is secured by an arrangement of wire mesh and roped anchor-stones. There are prominent chimney-stacks at each end of the building. The plan of the interior comprises a simple tripartite division of kitchen, closet and 'room', all being entered from a central lobby. The kitchen fireplace has a hinged wooden smoke-board, and is equipped with a cast-iron oven range and a chain suspended above the grate.

A small transversely aligned store-shed adjoins the S wall of the dwelling, and, to judge from the slight remains of a drain, this division may originally have served as a byre. The visible roof-structures of the store and of the barn comprise principal rafters which are lap-jointed at the ridge, and the bent-grass thatch is laid on a groundwork of turf. The walls are of dry-stone construction, and set within the thickness of the wall at the NE angle of the barn there is a small lintelled passage and chamber, which evidently served latterly as a duck's nest (1).

RCAHMS 1980, visited August 1973


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