Font Size

100% 150% 200%

Background Colour

Default Contrast
Close Reset

We have updated our mapping software and are trying out some new background mapping layers. Please let us know what you think by clicking here.


Castle (Medieval), Farmstead (Period Unassigned)

Site Name Badenyon

Classification Castle (Medieval), Farmstead (Period Unassigned)

Alternative Name(s) Castle Of Badenyon; Glenbuchat Castle

Canmore ID 16758

Site Number NJ31NW 1

NGR NJ 3412 1898

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2019.

Toggle Aerial | View on large map

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Aberdeenshire
  • Parish Glenbuchat
  • Former Region Grampian
  • Former District Gordon
  • Former County Aberdeenshire

Recording Your Heritage Online

Badenyon, the head of the glen, is a classic Donside farm, solid single-storey-and-attic farmhouse of c.1800 with two half-dormers emerging at the wallhead and a U-plan, single-storey, with lofts steading, (?) c.1830, adjoining. Nearby is site of Badenyon Castle, long gone. A door-hinge in steading is said to come from the castle.

Taken from "Aberdeenshire: Donside and Strathbogie - An Illustrated Architectural Guide", by Ian Shepherd, 2006. Published by the Rutland Press

Archaeology Notes

NJ31NW 1 3412 1898

For nearby farmhouse and steading, see NJ31NW 16.

(NJ 3412 1898) Site of Castle (NR)

OS 6"map, Aberdeenshire, 2nd ed., (1902)

In 1866 there were no remains of this castle, once surrounded by a deep fosse, and protected by a tower. Traditionally the house of John O'Badenyon in the 13th century.

Name Book 1866.

In 1898 all that remained of the Castle of Badenyon was a few pieces of sandstone against the wall of an adjacent cottage, and a recessed door inside. The moat was visible as a crop-mark. The castle, shown on a map of 1654, was the old residence of the Gordons of Glenbuchat until Glenbuchat Castle (NJ31SE 4) was built in AD 1590.

Aberdeen J Notes and Queries 1912; W D Simpson 1942.

No trace and no local knowledge of this castle.

Visited by OS (N K B) 4 September 1968.

The symbol denoting the site of the castle on both the 2nd edition of the OS 6-inch map (Aberdeenshire, 1903, sheet l) and the 1975 edition of the OS 1:10,000 map lies about 20m SW of the easterly cottage at Badenyon (NJ31NW 16) and coincides with the upper section of a steep, grassy scarp that juts out into the floodplain of the Water of Buchat. However, although the ground surface immediately to the S of that cottage and on the slope of the scarp is much disturbed, the amorphous hollows, hummocks, fragmentary trackways and building-platforms hereabouts do not seem to indicate the remains of a tower or larger castle. One of the building-platforms retains the NW corner of a building which is depicted as roofed on the 1st edition of the OS 6-inch map (Aberdeenshire, 1869, sheet l) and it is likely that the rest of the features are connected with the farmstead and are of relatively recent origin.

Although 20th century scholarship is consistent in identifying the location of the castle with the site marked by the antiquity symbol on the later edition of the OS map, the 1st edition OS map places it about 120m to the ESE, near the S corner of a field (NJ 3424 1896). No trace of any structure is visible there, although vegetation marks have been observed in the vicinity on vertical aerial photographs held by Aberdeenshire Council (see NJ31NW 5). They do not appear to indicate the site of a tower either.

Visited by RCAHMS (ATW), 19 May 1997.


MyCanmore Image Contributions

Contribute an Image

MyCanmore Text Contributions