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Whitehill Colliery

Colliery (Period Unassigned)

Site Name Whitehill Colliery

Classification Colliery (Period Unassigned)

Alternative Name(s) Rosewell

Canmore ID 132549

Site Number NT26SE 71

NGR NT 2865 6205

NGR Description Centred

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/132549

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Midlothian
  • Parish Lasswade
  • Former Region Lothian
  • Former District Midlothian
  • Former County Midlothian

Archaeology Notes

NT26SE 71 2865 6205

WHITEHILL Colliery (also known as Rosewell)

Location: Rosewell

Previous Owners: Lothian Coal Company

Types of Coal: Steam and House

Sinking/Production Commenced: 1850

Year Closed: 1961

Year Abandoned: 1962

Average Workforce: 562

Peak Workforce: 590

Peak Year: 1950

Shaft/Mine Details: 3 shafts, each 91m deep, and 1 surface mine

Details in 1948: Output 640 tons per day, 160,000 tons per annum. 495 employees. Campbell Binny washer. Baths (1936), first-aid room, canteen. Most electrcitiy DC and generated at colliery, some being bought from SE Scotland Electricity Board. Report date 15-07-1948.

Other Details: Possibly the first mine in Scotland to use coal cutters powered by compressed air. National Coal Board (NCB) mechanised underground haulage as part of reconstruction in 1954. Associated brickworks operated from c.1870 until 1977. Rosewell village, which contains many brick terraces of miners' houses, is one of the most important surviving mining villages in Scotland.

M K Oglethorpe 2006.

Whitehill Colliery Baths, Lothian, The scheme provides a prominent frontage onthe public highway. Opened in November ,1936.

Miners' Welfare Fund, 1937.

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