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Hoy, Lyness, Royal Naval Oil Terminal, Pillbox

Pillbox (20th Century)

Site Name Hoy, Lyness, Royal Naval Oil Terminal, Pillbox

Classification Pillbox (20th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Scapa Flow

Canmore ID 104508

Site Number ND39SW 20.04

NGR ND 30164 94708

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Orkney Islands
  • Parish Walls And Flotta
  • Former Region Orkney Islands Area
  • Former District Orkney
  • Former County Orkney

Archaeology Notes

ND39SW 20.04 30164 94708

A concrete six sided pillbox situated to the N of the public road. A type 22 with six loopholes.

J Guy 1993; NMRS MS 810/2

Shuttered concrete pillbox is situated immediately N of a fence boundary opposite the Naval Cemetery.

The sunken entrance is via concrete steps on the E side and the loopholes are almost at ground level. Grass is growing on the roof.

The pillbox was not entered on the date of visit.

Visited by RCAHMS DE, GS, SW), August 1997


Field Visit (August 1997)

Lyness served as the centre for naval operations throughout WWI & II. The sheltered harbour offered an ideal location for refuelling and maintaining the fleet. The extensive remains of a wide range of structures associated with the base include:

(i) A boiler, a building, oil tanks, a military camp and a pillbox (ND 39 SW 20.01 -20.05).

(ii) Lyness steam pumping station and oil tank: Scheduled (HS Index 5438, 07ND 309 947- 07ND 310 947). The steam pumps were used to drive fuel oil into storage tanks. Originally coal-powered, they were converted to oil-firing in 1936. They now form a display within the Lyness Interpretation Centre. The oil tank, built in 1917, has a capacity of 12,000 tons and is the last survivor of four such tanks originally housed here.

(iii) A hand crane and pier (ND39SW 17)

Moore and Wilson, 1997

Coastal Zone Assessment Survey


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