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NEW LANARK: Mill No. 3

SC 754847

Description NEW LANARK: Mill No. 3

Date 6/2002

Catalogue Number SC 754847

Category On-line Digital Images

Copy of E 32390 CN

Scope and Content Mill No 3, New Lanark, South Lanarkshire, from south-east This shows Mill No 3 which was built 1790-2 and rebuilt with a fireproof iron frame between 1826 and 1833 after a fire in 1819. The 18-bayed front facing the River Clyde has a projecting bay which is topped by a pediment and chimney-stack. The mill is linked to the 1881 engine house by a covered bridge (right). This is a replica of the covering for the rope drive system which transferred the power generated by the steam engine in the engine house to the mill. Mill No 2 is the large block in the left background. Mill No 3 was originally known as the 'jeanie house' because it contained 'spinning jennies', machines which spun cotton into yarn onto spindles. In 1811 the mill employed 398 people of whom 286 were women. New Lanark was founded c.1785 by David Dale (1739-1806), a Glasgow merchant, and Richard Arkwright (1732-92), inventor of a water-frame for cotton spinning. Powered by water flowing from the Falls of Clyde the first cotton mill opened in 1786 and by 1799 the complex was the largest of its kind in Scotland. Robert Owen (1771-1858), who was married to David Dale's daughter, was one of a group who bought the mills in 1800. He transformed them into a model industrial community with good working conditions, houses, a non-profit store, a school and an institute for workers. Owen's partners bought the mills in 1828 and operated them until 1881 when another partnership took over. The Gourock Ropework Company ran the site until 1968 which is now mainly under the care of the New Lanark Conservation Trust (founded 1974-5). New Lanark was designated a World Heritage Site in 2001. Source: RCAHMS contribution to SCRAN.

External Reference Original: E32390/CN


File Format (TIF) Tagged Image File Format bitmap

People and Organisations


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