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View of Scapa Flow Visitor Centre from South East

SC 656630

Description View of Scapa Flow Visitor Centre from South East

Date 4/10/1996

Collection RCAHMS

Catalogue Number SC 656630

Category On-line Digital Images

Copy of D 3127

Scope and Content World War I pumping station, World War I and II Naval Base, Lyness, Hoy, Orkney Islands At Lyness on Hoy, close to the sounds which made up the main fleet anchorage, naval quarters, stores and an oil depot were established during World War I and were considerably developed in World War II to become the Base Headquarters, HMS Proserpine. The base came to include an extensive area for the repair of anti-submarine boom nets, above-ground oil storage tanks and, beneath the nearby hill of Wee Fea, six very large underground fuel tanks. The solitary surviving above-ground tank at Lyness was one of four of 12,000-ton capacity built in 1917 when oil-fired warships were coming into regular service with the Royal Navy. In 1937-8, with another war looming, Messrs Balfour, Beatty & Co Ltd were contracted by the Admiralty to build 12 additional, slightly larger, 15,000-ton tanks, bringing the total complement of above-ground tanks to 16. The associated pumping station, which also dates from 1917, drew the heavy fuel oil from tankers at the pier. Originally coal-fired, the steam pumps were converted to diesel power in 1936, and pumping station and tank together now form the Scapa Flow Visitor Centre. This view of the former pumping station, first established in 1917 and now the Scapa Flow Visitor Centre, shows the pair of chimney-stacks associated with the boilers. They are tubular steel structures set on brick pedestals and capped with plate cowlings. The station, which stands within a protective, earth-banked enclosure, is made up of a double-gabled shed with lean-to annexes at the front (containing the boiler room) and a triple-gabled, transversely aligned shed (housing the pump room) at the rear. Part of the one surviving oil storage tank, also dating from 1917, is visible on the extreme left. At the heart of the Orkney archipelago, Scapa Flow was the main fleet anchorage for the Royal Navy during both World Wars. Its vital importance led to the creation of one of the most concentrated defence networks in Britain. Source: RCAHMS contribution to SCRAN.


File Format (TIF) Tagged Image File Format bitmap

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