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Skulda: Oxcars, Firth Of Forth

Steamship (20th Century)

Site Name Skulda: Oxcars, Firth Of Forth

Classification Steamship (20th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Beamer Rock; Cow And Calves; Outer Forth Estuary; Skulda (Possibly)

Canmore ID 96682

Site Number NT18SE 8038

NGR NT 18492 81624

Datum WGS84 - Lat/Long


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2021.

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Administrative Areas

  • Council Fife
  • Parish Maritime - Fife
  • Former Region Fife
  • Former District Maritime
  • Former County Not Applicable

Archaeology Notes

NT28SW 8003 2028 8142

N56 1.15 W3 16.2

NLO: Beamer Rock [name: NT 119 800]

Oxcars [name: NT 203 817].

Quality of fix = PA

Horizontal Datum = OGB

Circumstances of Loss Details


The vessel was run down and sunk by the Norwegian steamship TENTO, registered 421 tons. The position of the accident was 4 miles east of the Forth Bridge. The vessel sank in 25 metres and was en route from Grangemouth to Stockholm with a general cargo.

Source: Lloyd's.

Surveying Details


The vessel sank in the approximate position 56 01 09N, 003 16 12W.


Hydrographic Office, 1995.

Fatal crash in Firth of Forth. Great consternation was caused at Grangemouth on Wednesday on receipt of the news that the steamer Skulda, which had sailed from Grangemouth the previous night, had been sunk in the Firth of Forth. The Skulda sailed from Grangemouth dock with a valuable general cargo of about 1300 tons, bound for Stockholm, Sweden, and when about 100 fathoms to the west of Beamer Rock was run into by the Norwegian steamer Tento. The Skulda was hit practically amidships, near the engine room, and immediately began drifting. It was seen that there was no chance of keeping the vessel afloat. The Tento stood by, and part of Skulda's crew got on board, and the remainder managed to get away in one of Skulda's boats, with the exception of the chief officer who was below at the time. Although efforts were made to reach him, he went down with the steamer. His name is William McCaskell, and he belongs to Sunderland. The weather was fine and quiet at the time of the accident. The crew consisted of 17 hands, and the 16 who were saved landed at Grangemouth dock gates.

The Skulda was a steamer of 719 tons net register, and belonged to J.T.Salvesen of Grangemouth. She was built by S&H Morton & Co., Leith in 1882.

The Tento, which is a Norwegian steamer, built in 1871, and was 541 tons net register, bound from Norway to Alloa. She sustained considerable damage to her stem, but was able to proceed.

Source: Fife Free Press, 13 October 1906.

Operations are at present being prosecuted in connection with the removal of the wrecks of the SS Ruby [NT08SE 8001] and another vessel which was beached about nine years ago in the Forth near Queensferry, and also the masts and funnel of the SS Skulda [NT28SW 8003] which was recently sunk in a collision. As may be supposed, the wrecks are a danger to shipping.

(The other vessel noted is probably the Telesilla [NT18SW 8004], sunk near North Queensferry on 14 Sepember 1896).

Source: Fifeshire Advertiser, 8 November 1906.

(Classified as iron steamship, with general cargo: date of loss cited as 9 October 1906). Skulda: this vessel was in collision and sank 4 miles E of the Forth Bridge in 14fms, or 2 miles above Beamer beacon [NT17NW 286: NT 11806 79983].

Registration: Grangemouth. Built 1882. 1177grt. Length: 69m. Beam: 10m.

(Location of loss cited as N56 1.15 W3 16.2).

I G Whittaker 1998.

Although noted as sinking off Beamer Rock (NT 119 800), the recorded position for this wreck falls between the Oxcars (NT 213 817) and the Cow and Calves (NT 206 810). The seabed here is noted as Foul Ground and varies between about 9 and 23m in charted depth below chart datum.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 8 August 2001.

HO chart 736 (1995).


Reference (2011)

Whittaker ID : 2156


Latitude : 560109

Longitude : 31612

Date Built : 1882

Registration : GRANGEMOUTH

Type : SS (IRON)

Tonnage : 1177

Tonnage Code : G

Length : 69

Beam : 10

Draught : 4m

Position : Position Approximate

Loss Day : 9

Loss Month : 10

Loss Year : 1906

Comment : Coll and sunk 4 mls E of Forth bridge in 14 fthms or 2 mls above Beamer beacon


Reference (19 April 2012)

UKHO Identifier : 002804

Feature Class : Wreck

Wreck Category : Dangerous wreck

State : LIVE

Classification : Unclassified

Position (Lat/long) : 56.02057,-3.30917

Horizontal Datum : ETRS 1989

WGS84 Position (Lat/long) : 56.02057,-3.30917

WGS84 Origin : Original

Previous Position : 56.02070,-3.30917

Position Method : Differential Global Positioning System

Position Quality : Surveyed

Position Accuracy : 3.0

Depth : 22.5

Depth Method : Found by multi-beam

Depth Quality : Least depth known

Water Depth : 30

Water Level Effect : Always under water/submerged

Vertical Datum : Lowest Astronomical Tide


Type : SS


Length : 69.2

Beam : 10.1

Draught : 4.5

Sonar Length : 40.6

Sonar Width : 10.5

Shadow Height : 8.0

Orientation : 10.0

Tonnage : 1177

Tonnage Type : Gross


Date Sunk : 09/10/1906

Bottom Texture : Sand

Sonar Signal Strength : Strong

Scour Depth : 2.5

Scour Length : 45.0


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