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Winfield Airfield

Military Airfield (First World War), Military Airfield (Second World War)

Site Name Winfield Airfield

Classification Military Airfield (First World War), Military Airfield (Second World War)

Alternative Name(s) Horndean Airfield

Canmore ID 91759

Site Number NT85SE 27

NGR NT 89780 50630

NGR Description Centred NT 89780 50630

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/91759

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2018.

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Scottish Borders, The
  • Parish Whitsome
  • Former Region Borders
  • Former District Berwickshire
  • Former County Berwickshire

World War One Audit of Surviving Remains (4 June 2013)

Winfield (then known as Horndean) was a landing ground of No. 77 Home Defence Squadron from 1916 until the end of the First World War. The squadron’s landing grounds were created in case engine failure or bad weather prevented an aeroplane from returning to one of its more permanent bases; when the squadron was flying the farmer on whose land the strip lay would be warned by telephone to clear animals from the landing area. Horndean was not listed in the RAF survey of air stations in 1918 (which did include some other 77 Squadron landing grounds). Its precise location and extent are not known.

Information from HS/RCAHMS World War One Audit Project (GJB) 31 May 2013

Archaeology Notes

NT85SE 27.00 Centred 89780 50630

NT85SE 27.01 NT 89346 50533 Control Tower

NT85SE 27.02 Centred NT 89447 51120 Buildings; Huts

Part of the airfield falls on map sheet and is partly in Hutton parish

The airfield is visible on large scale vertical air photographs (OS 70/366/174-5 and 152-3, flown 1970).

Information from RCAHMS

Winfield straddles a minor public road from which observation can be made of the surviving remains. The control tower (NT 8935 5053), with windsock is situated in the middle of a cultivated field and the two runways, the section to the NW with the centre line marked, are still in reasonable condition. Other brick built buildings are extant at NT c.898 503 and on the N perimeter (NT 8943 5111), where two rows of accommodation huts are in use as farm buildings.

Visited by RCAHMS (DE) 17 March 1996

Runways, control tower and other buildings extant.

J Guy 1999; NMRS 810/8, 48-9

Winfield Airfield is situated on level ground to the S of Wnfield farmsteading (NT85SE 79.00). The airfield is crossed by a minor public road leading N from the B 6461.

The airfield is visible on RAF WW II vertical air photographs (NLA 47, 5.9-5.12, flown 23 September 1942), which that at that date shows there were at least three blister hangars and several dispersed accommodation camps.

Most of the buildings and huts have been removed, but hut bases, hardstandings, air-raid shelters can still be found on the perimeter of the airfield.

An airfield site plan(WIN 236 and 237) held in the RAF Museum Hendon shows the layout and location of runways, buildings and accommodation camps

Information from RCAHMS (DE), March 2006

Activities

Project (March 2013 - September 2013)

A project to characterise the quantity and quality of the Scottish resource of known surviving remains of the First World War. Carried out in partnership between Historic Scotland and RCAHMS.

Sbc Note

Visibility: This is an upstanding earthwork or monument.

Information from Scottish Borders Council

Sbc Note

Second World War Airfield still in use for agricultural/civil purposes (see also 118/0013).

Information from Scottish Borders Council

References

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