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Crieff To Dalnacardoch Military Road

Military Road (18th Century)

Site Name Crieff To Dalnacardoch Military Road

Classification Military Road (18th Century)

Canmore ID 87637

Site Number NN82SE 85

NGR NN 8771 2300

NGR Description NN 8643 2161 to NN 8855 2499

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
© Copyright and database right 2018.


Administrative Areas

  • Council Perth And Kinross
  • Parish Crieff
  • Former Region Tayside
  • Former District Perth And Kinross
  • Former County Perthshire

Archaeology Notes

NN82SE 85 8643 2161 to 8855 2499 MR 3 (Formerly LIN 501)

General Wade's Military Road (NAT)

OS 1:10000 map (1991)

The military road commences in the centre of Crieff, in the present James' Square. It heads NE along the N side of the Crieff Golf Course and passes Ferntower House. To the N of this point the line of the road is difficult to trace. It traverses the left shoulder of the Knock, and may then have passed to the W of Gilmerton, later joining the line now followed by the A822. However, it seems more likely that it took a route which passed the gate of Monzie Castle, as remains of the military road can be seen just N of the lodge, and then headed up the hill, across the Monzie road to a junction with the route now followed by the A822.

J B Salmond 1938.

The line of the military road heads uphill from Crieff, crossing the A85 Perth to Lochearnhead road, and passing the site of the former mansion house of Ferntower, to the Se side of the Knock.The exact route of the military road over the Knock cannot be determined, although traces of it are visible at the entrance to Monzie Castle, at NN 884 242. From this point it runs N between two dykes and links with the A822 at NN 884 244. It follows the same line as that now followed by the modern road as far N as NN 885 249, where it then takes a course up among the trees to the E.

W Taylor 1976.

NN 8762 2294 - 8780 2306 no trace

NN 8780 2306 - 8798 2322 extant

NN 8798 2322 - 8811 2333 Wade road runs between two old banks.

NN 8811 2333 - 8819 2340 extant

NN 8819 2340 - 8831 2350 no trace

NN 8831 2350 - 8833 2368 extant

NN 8833 2368 - 8841 2417 contrary to Salmond this is the most likely course of the Wade road.

NN 8841 2417 - 8845 2443 extant

NN 8845 2443 - 8855 2499 no trace but modern road probably on course of Wade road.

Visited by OS January 1967

From the centre of Crieff the course of the military road can be followed NE along Ferntower Road and across Crieff Golf Course. At the NE edge of the golf course it crosses a gully and skirts around the E side of the Knock of Crieff before striking NNE past the East Lodge of Monzie Castle to join the present A822 road on the W flank of Milnquhanzie Hill.

There is no trace of the road as it crosses the golf course. However, at the NE edge of the course it is depicted on the 1969 edition of the OS 1:2500 map (NN 8723), running ENE from NN 8780 2306 for 130m along the S edge of a plantation before turning NE to cross a wooded gully to NN 8796 2322. On the date of visit no trace of the road could be found along the edge of the plantation, nor across the gully, which was choked with nettles and other weeds. However, a short length of hollow-way, about 6m wide and 0.6m deep, emerges from the plantation, runs E and then swings NE towards the wooded gully, a route which would have provided an easier, more staggered descent into the gully than the line indicated by the OS.

From the NE edge of the gully, at NN 8798 2324, the road is more easily followed as it runs NE along the base of the Knock of Crieff. For about 50m it measures 3.5m in breadth between slight ditches, with a bank on the NW (upslope) side; the ground then rises on the SE side and the road is levelled into this slope for about 200m, as far as NN 8818 2340, at which point a golf tee (now disused) has been built over it. From this point onwards the higher ground is again on the NW side, retained by a substantial revetment, while a second revetment, constructed of large boulders, supports the SE edge of the road, forming a terrace about 8m in breadth.

About 80m NE of the tee, at NN 8825 2345, the road becomes obscured by spoil from the construction of a forestry track that runs immediately above it on the NW side for about 100m. It re-emerges on the N side of the forestry track at NN 8831 2353, having turned to the NNE at about NN 8831 2350. For about 120m it runs through a coniferous plantation, where it measures about 7m in breadth and is flanked on the W by a stone revetment up to 1.5m high. Beyond the plantation it can be traced as a hollow-way for another 50m, as far as NN 8833 2369, where a large tree on the edge of an arable field stands directly on its line. The course of the road across this field was revealed as a cropmark in barley during August 1996, heading directly towards the lodge at the east gate of Monzie Castle (NN 8839 2409).

The road again becomes visible after it crosses the public road 100m NNE of the lodge, at NN 8841 2419. A well-defined stretch of hollow-way, 1.5m deep and 6m broad between stone revetments, climbs obliquely up the w shoulder of Milnquhanzie Hill for 250m, to converge with the A822 road at NN 8845 2446. On the E side of this stretch of the military road, at NN 8845 2436, there are two grassed-over quarry pits which may be associated with it.

Visited by RCAHMS (SDB), 23 August and 24 September 1996.


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