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Lochbrow

Pit Enclosure (Prehistoric)

Site Name Lochbrow

Classification Pit Enclosure (Prehistoric)

Canmore ID 85099

Site Number NY08NE 36

NGR NY 09423 89153

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/85099

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
© Copyright and database right 2017.

Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish Johnstone
  • Former Region Dumfries And Galloway
  • Former District Annandale And Eskdale
  • Former County Dumfries-shire

Archaeology Notes

NY08NE 36 09423 89153

For other features in this field, see NY08NE 26, NY08NE 34 and NY08NE 37.

Air photography (RCAHMSAP 1992) has recorded the cropmarks of a pit-defined enclosure on a gravel terrace 250m NW of Lochbrow steading (NY08NE 42). It is slightly oval on plan, measuring about 60m in maximum diameter from ENE to WSW, and the pits are set between 2m and 3m apart.

Information from RCAHMS (SPH), 20 February 1996.

Listed as pit-defined enclosure.

RCAHMS 1997.

This enclosure is plotted as a large ritual enclosure on a distribution map of Neolithic monuments covering southern Scotland.

Information from RCAHMS (ARG), 23 April 1998.

RCAHMS 1997.

Activities

Geophysical Survey (13 November 2010 - 11 September 2011)

NY 09514 89350 Geophysical and topographic surveys were undertaken 13–14 November 2010 and 8–11 September 2011 across the location of the cropmarks of a timber cursus, timber circles and round barrows at Lochbrow. The aim of these surveys was to investigate the nature and extent of the sites and monuments, as well as their wider context and topographic location. The gradiometer survey identified several anomalies of interest, including some possible post pits of the cursus, a previously unidentified round barrow, probable pre-modern plough furrows, a rectilinear magnetic anomaly of unknown origin, scattered pits, and magnetic anomalies, probably modern in origin.

Archive: RCAHMS (intended)

Universities of York and Edinburgh, and RCAHMS 2011

Aerial Photographic Transcription (26 July 2012)

Geophysical Survey (23 September 2012 - 29 September 2012)

NY 09514 89350 A third season of geophysical survey was undertaken 23–29 September by the Lochbrow Landscape Project team. This work represents the continuation of surveys begun in 2010 (DES 2011, 59) with the aim of investigating the nature and extent of the sites and monuments, their wider context and topographical location, and landscape development. This year’s survey focused on the cropmark cursus, timber circles and round barrows, and began looking at the location of two cropmark palisaded enclosures recorded in the field to the S of the initial survey area. Both gradiometer and resistivity surveys on and around the location of the cropmark cursus, timber circles and barrows identified probable cursus and timber circle postholes, additional barrows not recorded as cropmarks, a general scatter of pits of unknown date, along with modern features. The gradiometer survey on a portion of the palisaded enclosures identified the palisade ditches of both enclosures known from cropmarks, and added additional detail to the recorded cropmarks.

This year, the project also worked with local volunteers from the Discovering Dumfries and Galloway’s Past project over four days. The volunteers carried out a small area of high resolution resistance survey in the N of the study area. They were joined by pupils from Johnstonebridge Primary School and Dumfries High School. More information about the Lochbrow Landscape Project can be found on the project website at http://lochbrowlandscapeproject.wordpress.com

Archive: RCAHMS (intended)

Funder: Society of Antiquaries of London

Kirsty Millican, RCAHMS

Helen Goodchild, University of York

Dorothy Graves McEwan, University of Edinburgh

2012

Geophysical Survey (12 September 2013 - 21 September 2013)

NY 09514 89350 A fourth season of fieldwork was undertaken 12–21 September 2013 by the Lochbrow Landscape Project team. This work represents the continuation of geophysical surveys begun in 2010, 2011 and 2012 (DES 2012, 58), the initiation of a programme of sediment coring and trial of an experiential methodology. The work focused on investigating the development of the sites and landscapes at and around Lochbrow by studying the location and wider context of a prehistoric cropmark complex consisting of a timber cursus, timber circles and barrows, as well as two palisaded enclosures.

In 2013 the gradiometer survey in the field containing the cursus, timber circles and barrows was completed, with a total of 83 miles of survey grids walked. The gradiometer survey of the field containing the two palisaded enclosures, to the S of the initial survey area, was continued and expanded to include the ring ditch and area around the sites. Targeted resistance and GPR surveys were also undertaken at key locations in the two fields. The survey successfully identified features known from cropmarks, added detail to those features and identified new features. This information is enabling the re-analysis of the aerial photographs and has led to the identification of previously unidentified features.

A pilot programme of hand auguring was initiated in 2013 with the aim of understanding the stratigraphy of the underlying deposits and their relationship to the development of the landscape. Key locations around the known sites were selected and initial results indicate that the auguring will provide useful information about the development of the landscape. A short trial of an experiential methodology was also carried out around the cursus and timber circle. This proved successful and it is hoped it will be further developed.

Archive: RCAHMS (intended)

Funder: Society of Antiquaries of London

Kirsty Millican, RCAHMS, Helen Goodchild, University of York, Dorothy Graves McEwan, University of Edinburgh, 2013

(Source: DES)

Geophysical Survey (19 September 2015 - 26 September 2015)

NY 09423 89153 (Canmore ID: 85099) Timber circle, NY 09535 89129 (Canmore ID: 68244) Barrows, NY 09513 89227 (Canmore ID: 85100) Timber cursus, NY 09514 89350 (Canmore ID: 85092) Timber cursus.

The Lochbrow Landscape Project investigates the archaeological sites and landscapes at and around Lochbrow, integrating a range of different research techniques including cropmark analysis, geophysics, experiential analysis, 3D and predictive modelling.

A sixth season of fieldwork was undertaken at Lochbrow 19 – 26 September 2015 by the Lochbrow Landscape Project team. This year, the work focused on the continuation of the geophysical surveys (DES 2011; 2012; 2013; 2014), experiential survey (DES 2013; 2014) and kite aerial photography (DES 2014) initiated in previous years. The work focuses on investigating the development of the sites and landscapes at and around Lochbrow by studying the location and wider context of a prehistoric cropmark complex comprising a timber cursus, timber circles and barrows, as well as the location of two palisaded enclosures. This year resistance survey was undertaken along the length of the cursus, the remaining section of the timber circle and linking up previously surveyed areas. This identified further timber circle post pits as well as linear features probably associated with the cursus and additional, less well defined, features around the location of the known monuments. The data gathered this year will be added to and compared with the resistance and fluxgate gradiometry data gathered in previous years and the re-assessment of the cropmarks recorded on aerial photographs. A structured experiential survey was also undertaken, recording visual and acoustic perception across the whole of the cursus field and within the location of the palisaded enclosures. This aims to add another dimension to the way in which we understand the sites and landscapes at Lochbrow by recording changing perception across the Lochbrow landscape. Preliminary analysis of the recorded observations suggests that they highlight some interesting relationships. Kite aerial photography was undertaken in both the cursus field and the field in which the palisaded enclosures have been recorded with the aim of gaining a quality photographic record of the landscape.

Archive and report: ADS and National Record of the Historic Environment (NRHE) intended

Funder: Royal Archaeological Institute

Website: lochbrowlandscapeproject.wordpress.com

Kirsty Millican, Helen Goodchild and Dorothy Graves McEwan – Lochbrow Landscape Project

(Source: DES, Volume 16)

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