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Cup And Ring Marked Rock (Prehistoric)

Site Name Cairnholy

Classification Cup And Ring Marked Rock (Prehistoric)

Alternative Name(s) Cairnholy 5; Cairn Holy; Kirkdale

Canmore ID 63728

Site Number NX55SW 30

NGR NX 5161 5480

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish Kirkmabreck
  • Former Region Dumfries And Galloway
  • Former District Wigtown
  • Former County Kirkcudbrightshire

Archaeology Notes

NX55SW 30 5161 5480.

NX 515 547. Cup-and-ring marks are carved on a smallish flat rock, easy to miss, 50yds N of NX55SW 29. The marks comprise 3 faint cups and one ring; rubbing shows 4 concentric rings in one case. In 1912 there were 3 cup marks, each surrounded by 3 or 4 rings, each figure measuring some 10" in diameter.

RCAHMS 1914, visited 1912; R W B Morris and D C Bailey 1967

Not located.

Visited by OS (RD) 29 February 1972

In a stony area 230.0m north-north-east of (NX55SW 29), 145.0m west of a field wall and 110.0m south of another wall is a smooth flat topped greywacke slab 1.5m by 0.5m. On its upper surface are the markings noted by RCAHMS.

Information from R W B Morris MS., January 1977

NX 5162 5480. The slab, as described, is very worn but the three cup marks are still traceable. Two of these cups each have a single ring but the four concentric rings could not be identified.

Surveyed at 1:2500.

Visited by OS (MJF) 7 July 1977

The stone bearing these markings is in a pasture field 75m SSE of a ruined building (NX55SW 72). On its upper surface, which measures 1.6m NE-SW by 0.6m transversely, there are four cups, each with one ring, the largest having a diameter of 180mm. The largest cup measures 50mm in diameter and about 10mm in depth.

(Cree94 305)

Visited by RCAHMS (SDB) 28 April 1994

Van Hoek describes eight cups in all, two with a single ring, one with up to three rings and two with four rings each, the latter two being 350mm in diameter. Naddair identifies twenty cups, one with a single ring, one with two rings, two with four rings each, and a more complex figure consisting of two cups, having one and two rings, all enclosed within a double ring.

M A M Van Hoek 1995, K Naddair 1995.


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