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Beattock Hill

Building (Period Unassigned), Enclosure (Period Unassigned), Hut Circle(S) (Prehistoric)

Site Name Beattock Hill

Classification Building (Period Unassigned), Enclosure (Period Unassigned), Hut Circle(S) (Prehistoric)

Canmore ID 48396

Site Number NT00SE 34

NGR NT 0653 0199

NGR Description Centred NT 0653 0199

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/48396

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish Kirkpatrick-juxta
  • Former Region Dumfries And Galloway
  • Former District Annandale And Eskdale
  • Former County Dumfries-shire

Archaeology Notes

NT00SE 34 centred 0653 0199

See also NT00SE 33.

NT 0653 0199. Situated on gently sloping ground and lying within a field system (NT00SE 33) are the remains of an oval stone-walled enclosure. It measures internally 15.0m NW-SE by 8.5m, within what was originally a double-faced wall with a rubble infill. This wall now remains as a grass-covered rubble bank with occasional inner and outer faces, measuring up to 2.7m wide and 0.4m high. On the W it has been destroyed by cultivation. The entrance, with slightly splayed walling on either side lies on the S.

Although no circular stone-walled house foundations are visible in the interior of this enclosure, the situation, construction, dimensions, and proximity to a field system are paralleled by the homestead on Stanshielrig (NT00SE 7).

Surveyed at 1.2500.

Visited by OS (D W R) 11 September 1973

A homestead generally as described.

Surveyed at 1:10 000

See plan

Visited by OS (T R G) 24 September 1978.

(Formerly classified as Homestead; reclassified as Hut-circles; Enclosure; Building). The remains of at least three hut-circles are situated on a flat terrace immediately below (and to the SSW of) the fort NT00SE 5. Two of them have been reduced to little more than shallow platforms which lie side by side immediately to the N of a later stony bank; that on the NW measures about 10m in diameter, although only a low back-scarp survives, while the other, to the SE, is marked by a low back-scarp with traces of an external bank and measures about 8.5m in diameter. The third hut-circle is better preserved and lies about 35m to the SW; it measures up to 8.5m in diameter within a turf-covered stony bank up to 2.1m thick and 0.4m in high. The interior has been levelled in to the slope on the N, and there is an entrance on the SE. Between the third hut-circle and the two platforms, there are the remains of a later horseshoe-shaped structure (which is open to the SE) and a subrectangular building.

Visited by RCAHMS (JRS), 23 October 1990.

Listed as cairnfield and timber round-houses.

RCAHMS 1997.

Scheduled (with NT00SE 5) as 'Beattock Hill, fort and unenclosed settlement 935m W of Braeside...'

Information from Historic Scotland, scheduling document dated 26 March 2011.

Activities

Watching Brief (September 2012 - September 2013)

A programme of archaeological works was undertaken by CFA Archaeology Ltd for the grid connection cable between Moffat Substation and the Harestanes Wind Farm Substation.

Several features were discovered on low lying land within the floodplain of the River Annan and its tributaries.

A total of ten pits were discovered on the floodplain of the River Annan and Evan Water. They were devoid of finds or substantial quantities of dateable material although they are likely to be of Roman or prehistoric date. The character of the well-drained gravel-rich natural and the apparent lack of ploughing suggest that potential for further archaeological discoveries in this area must be high.

Three “V” profile ditches were discovered on the site, as were two complete Roman field ovens within the footprint of Bankend Roman Temporary Camp.

A small portion of the original structure of Beattock Bridge was revealed during monitoring of the cable trench excavation. The structural integrity and the appearance of the bridge were unaffected by the development.

Two isolated pits were revealed on a steep south-facing slope to the west of Beattock. Their date is uncertain although they may be associated with the nearby settlement of Beattock Hill.

A northerly extension to Stanshielrig was identified and demarcated to eliminate any impact from the development. A hollow-way, quarry and ditch and bank were excavated ahead of the cable trench works.

A partially surfaced trackway and a drystone bank were recorded to the east of Easter Earshaig.

Funder: Iberdrola Engineering and Construction

CFA Archaeology Ltd

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