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Castleton 4

Cup And Ring Marked Rock (Neolithic) - (Bronze Age)

Site Name Castleton 4

Classification Cup And Ring Marked Rock (Neolithic) - (Bronze Age)

Alternative Name(s) Castleton 4

Canmore ID 46819

Site Number NS88NE 11

NGR NS 85530 88162

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Stirling
  • Parish St Ninians
  • Former Region Central
  • Former District Stirling
  • Former County Stirlingshire

Archaeology Notes

NS88NE 11 8552 8816.

NS 862 883. Cup and Ring marked Rock. Situated 160 yds NW of Castleton farm, 105 yds NW of wall, 50 yds NE of wall, on top of a rock ridge running NW-SE with cliff on SW, are 3 groups of markings, 5 yds apart. They are well-preserved and clear, and comprise 2 ellipses - four and three rings - with central cups, and 3 cups- and-three-rings.

R W B Morris 1969

NS 8552 8816: 4 cup and ring marks - and 2 ellipses with central cups. Otherwise as described.

Surveyed at 1/2500.

Visited by OS (DWR) 8 February 1973

NS 855 881 A rock outcrop bearing ellipses with central cups and cup-marks surrounded by up to three rings.

RCAHMS 1979; R W B Morris 1969

About 7m SE of Castleton 4c is a single cup and one ring. 8cm in diameter on horizontal rock. It has been re-covered.

R Morris and M van Hoek 1986.


Note (11 December 2018)

Date Fieldwork Started: 11/12/2018

Compiled by: ScRAP Team

Location Notes: The Castleton complex of rock art lies on farmland approximately 2 km SE of Cowie, 8 km SE of Stirling and approximately 2 km from the Forth at its closest point (Throsk, to the N). It comprises a number of outcrop ridges situated amongst arable and grazing land principally in the area surrounding Castleton Farmyard. Part of the complex – comprising the area of a field beside and to the NW of Castleton Farmyard – has been scheduled.

Castleton 4 is located within the scheduled area to the NW of Castleton farmyard. The field is crossed from NW-SE by an outcrop ridge, which slopes broadly to the NE on one side and more steeply to the SW on the other side, and along which Castleton 1 – 7 are located. The field is used from grazing cattle. Castleton 4 lies near the top of main part of the ridge, within a wooded area principally made up of whin and birch trees, and is approximately 150m NW of Castleton farmyard. It is located about 20m to the S of Castleton 3 which lies further along the same ridge. The panel also lies close to Castleton 5, which is approximately 3m to its SE, and Castleton 6, a further 2m to the SE from Castleton 5.

From the panel there are views N to the Ochils, although partially obscured by trees and other vegetation. There is evidence of historical quarrying activity in the general vicinity.

The panel described here is part of the group described under Canmore ID 46819, with this specific panel referred to as Castleton 4(a). Other panels described under this Canmore ID have been entered separately as Castleton 5 and Castleton 6.

Descriptions, drawings and photographs of the panels and their arrangement can be found in Morris (1986) The Prehistoric Rock Art of Southern Scotland (except Argyll and Galloway), (p. 47), and in Van Hoek (1996) Prehistoric Rock Art around Castleton Farm, Airth, Central Scotland, in Forth Naturalist and Historian, vol. 19.

Panel Notes: This is a broadly oval shaped panel measuring 2m x 1.5 m and lying flush with the ground with its long axis oriented ESE-WNW. Its aspect is to the NE, facing down the slope of the ridge. It is located within a small clearance amongst the bushes in this wooded area.

The surface is generally flat and smooth with some natural hollows. There are two cup-and-3-ring motifs to the SE end of the panel, each approximately 30cm in diameter, and each with a radial extending in a roughly W direction, from the centre to beyond the edge of the outside ring. They are placed symmetrically at either side of a groove in the panel surface, which is probably natural.

A further two motifs - a cup and two rings and cup and three rings - of a smaller size, and very faint, are located further to the W on the panel.


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