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Malling

Temporary Camp (Roman)

Site Name Malling

Classification Temporary Camp (Roman)

Canmore ID 44615

Site Number NS59NE 13

NGR NS 56560 99810

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/44615

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Administrative Areas

  • Council Stirling
  • Parish Port Of Menteith
  • Former Region Central
  • Former District Stirling
  • Former County Perthshire

Archaeology Notes

NS59NE 13 NS 56560 99810

A temporary camp with two Stracathro-type gates, one on the NW side, the other on the 945' long SE side. There is a change in direction about the mid point of the 1,220' long NE side, and possibly also in the SW side. The area may be estimated at 23 1/2 acres.

J K S St Joseph 1973.

The south quadrant of the temporary camp survives. This has been deep ploughed and afforested. Sufficient remains to show that it consisted of an earth-and-stone bank 3.5m wide and 0.6m high with an outer ditch

2.0m wide and 0.4m deep.

Visited by OS 28 April 1975.

Activities

Field Visit (December 1977)

Malling 2 NS 564 997 NS59NE

Crop-marks have revealed the N, E and W quadrants of a Roman temporary camp which occupies an area of 1 0ha. There is a single Stracathro-type entrance in both the NW and SE sides. Part of the S quadrant is upstanding but has been ploughed for forestry.

RCAHMS 1979, visited December 1977

(St Joseph 1973, 223-4; OS Record Card NN 50 SE 6)

Publication Account (17 December 2011)

On the west side of the Lake of Menteith lies a Roman fort and two camps at Malling, all revealed through cropmarks. The fort was discovered from the air by Wilson in 1968 (Wilson 2005: 67–8; St Joseph 1969) with camp I discovered during reconnaissance by Cambridge the following year (St Joseph 1969: 223–4) and camp II by Maxwell in 1981.

The two camps sandwich the fort, and an outer work with an entrance gap runs for some 250m connecting the two and probably controlling access to the fort.

Camp I lies immediately south-east of the fort and is an irregular parallelogram in form, measuring about 370m from north-west to south-east by 260m, enclosing 8.9ha (22 acres). Stracathro-type gates are visible in its north-west and south-east sides. Stretches of the southwest and south-east sides survive in woodland, where the rampart is up to 0.6m high and 3.5m wide, accompanied by a ditch some 2m wide and 0.4m deep. St Joseph placed a section through the south-west side of the camp in 1969 and recorded that the ditch was small, accompanied by a rampart some 0.45m high and 0.3m wide (RCAHMS St Joseph Collection: Notebook 5).

Camp II lies immediately west of the fort and measures about 235m from north-east to south-west by 195m, enclosing 4.7ha (11.7 acres). An oblique traverse is visibleat the entrance on the north-east side of this camp, suggesting that it may have also had Stracathro-type gates. There is a further hint of an oblique traverse on its northwest side (not depicted on illus 173).

R H Jones.

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