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Kincardine Castle

Castle (Medieval)

Site Name Kincardine Castle

Classification Castle (Medieval)

Canmore ID 36061

Site Number NO67NE 10

NGR NO 67124 75109

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/36061

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Digital Images

Administrative Areas

  • Council Aberdeenshire
  • Parish Fordoun
  • Former Region Grampian
  • Former District Kincardine And Deeside
  • Former County Kincardineshire

Archaeology Notes

NO67NE 10.00 67124 75109

NO67NE 10.01 66 77 to 66 78 Royal (King's) Deer Park

(NO 6710 7510) Kincardine Castle (NR) (remains of)

OS 1:10,000 map, (1977)

The remains of Kincardine Castle, of simple curtain wall type, stand on a natural, wooded hillock formerly surrounded by marsh which would make any outworks superfluous, although the site is said to be terraced in front with indications of a drawbridge and moat (Watt 1914).

Now 5 to 6ft in maximum height, the remains reveal a quadrangular plan fully 130ft square with rectangular gate-towers on the S and a thick outer wall with sloping plinth. Remains of apartments lie round three sides of the interior.

D MacGibbon and T Ross 1887-92; J C Watt 1914.

Kincardine Castle is generally as described by MacGibbon and Ross (1887-92), but now greatly obscured by vegetation. Outside the castle in the E and S is a scarp, which could be the remains of an original defence, mutilated by trees and a now overgrown 19th century track, surrounding the castle. This is undoubtedly the terrace described by Watt. His drawbridge is probably the access way to the above track and a hollow immediately to the E of it, fronting the scarp, gives the impression of the remains of a ditch.

Revised at 1:2500.

Visited by OS (ISS) 13 August 1971.

The royal castle of Kincardine, probably built for Alexander II in the years between 1217 and 1227, is situated on a bluff 100m NE of Castleton of Kincardine farmhouse. It measures about 35m square within a heavily robbed curtain wall 2.4m in thickness; the main entrance is on the S (where there is a gatehouse), with a postern on the N, and there are ranges of buildings on the N, E and S sides.

RCAHMS 1982; J G Dunbar and A A M Duncan 1971.

Listed.

Scottish Castle Survey 1988; N Bogdan and I B D Bryce 1991.

Activities

Excavation (3 July 2013 - 15 July 2013)

NO 671 751 Excavations were carried out, 3–15 July 2013, as part of the Scottish Medieval Deer Parks project, and involved the opening of a trench in a room on the E side of the S entrance into the castle. The trench exposed mortar-bonded wall faces up to 0.75m high and located a roughly-laid stone floor below layers of demolition material, which produced pieces of pig and cattle bone. A small sherd of ceramic (possibly a mould) was also recovered from the floor surface. A piece of pig bone from demolition material above the stone floor was radiocarbon dated to 885 +/- 34 BP which calibrates at AD 1040 to 1220 at 95.4% probability.

Archive: RCAHMS

Funder: Kevin Malloy, University of Wyoming

Derek Hall, 2013

(Source: DES)

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