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Sand Fiold

Cist (Period Unassigned), Cremation(S) (Period Unassigned), Inhumation(S) (Period Unassigned), Pit (Period Unassigned), Cinerary Urn

Site Name Sand Fiold

Classification Cist (Period Unassigned), Cremation(S) (Period Unassigned), Inhumation(S) (Period Unassigned), Pit (Period Unassigned), Cinerary Urn

Alternative Name(s) Skaill; Netherstone

Canmore ID 1689

Site Number HY21NW 35

NGR HY 2422 1955

Datum OSGB36 - NGR

C14 Radiocarbon Dating

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/1689

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2018.

Administrative Areas

  • Council Orkney Islands
  • Parish Sandwick
  • Former Region Orkney Islands Area
  • Former District Orkney
  • Former County Orkney

Archaeology Notes

HY21NW 35 242 195.

The site was discovered during sand quarrying. It consisted of a rock cut pit, 3.2m by 3.4m by 2m deep, forming a chamber against the west wall of which a free-standing stone cist, 1.6m by 1m by 1m high, was inserted. A single capstone covered the cist. A drystone wall was built against the wall opposite the cist and the space between the two roofed with capstones.

The cist contained both inhumations and cremations, one of the latter being placed in an urn. It was clear that the burials did not represent a single deposition, but that the cist had been reused at least once.

In addition to skeletal remains from the burials, the cist contained the remains of organic fibrous material, of vegetable origin. A slate pot lid was found immediately outside the N end of the cist.

Cremated human bone, along with a large deposit of vitrified material, was found in a narrow space between the west side of the cist and the chamber wall. The vitreous matter may represent funeral-pyre material. Sponsor: SDD HBM-AOC.

M Dalland 1989d.

Activities

Orkney Smr Note (1989)

Discovered during quarrying the capstones of the cist collapsed under the weight of a lorry, revealing a rock-cut pit forming a large chamber, at the W end of which a free-standing stone cist had been inserted. The pit was narrowed and a passage created along its eastside.

The cist contained both inhumed and cremated burials; one of the latter being placed in an urn. Stratified evidence suggests that the cist had been opened at least once. Also contained the remains of organic fibrous material of vegetable origin.

Full account held in OR detailed records.

M. Dalland 'A Rock-cut Tomb at Sandfiold, Orkney' in A.O.C. Annual Report, 1989, pp4-6

Information from Orkney SMR 1989

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