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Souterrain (Prehistoric)

Site Name Lynchat

Classification Souterrain (Prehistoric)

Canmore ID 14077

Site Number NH70SE 3

NGR NH 7767 0193

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Highland
  • Parish Alvie
  • Former Region Highland
  • Former District Badenoch And Strathspey
  • Former County Inverness-shire

Archaeology Notes

NH70SE 3 7767 0193.

(NH 7767 0193) Pictish House (NR)

OS 6"map, Inverness, 2nd ed., (1903)

A horse-shoe shaped earth-house discovered in 1835. The only significant find reported from it was 'a lock of unusual form, almost destroyed by rust'.

D Brewster 1865.

An earth house, in good condition as planned by Brewster.

Surveyed at 1/2500

Visited by OS (R L) 28 November 1966.

No change.


Measured Survey (9 October 2013)

Lynchat souterrain was surveyed by RCAHMS and members of the local community as part of the Cairngorms Community Heritage Project. The survey produced a 1:100 plan, ground plan and section of the souterrain and a 1:500 ground plan of the area surrounding the souterrain, including cultivation remains.

Visited by RCAHMS (ECB, IP, GFG, AM) 9 October 2013

Archaeological Evaluation (23 October 2017 - 11 November 2017)

NH 77728 01885 An evaluation was undertaken, 23 October – 11 November 2017, which aimed to investigate possible archaeological features identified by geophysical surveys in the vicinity of Raitt’s Cave, in advance of road improvements.

A total of six trial trenches were excavated between the scheduled area of the souterrain and the current location of the A9 road. Well preserved archaeological features were identified at two locations. Within Trench 5, at the E end of the site, the remains of a possible prehistoric structure and associated anthropogenic deposits with evidence for burning and including ceramics and worked stone tools, were recorded. Within Trench 1, a series of features, which appear to represent stone-revetted earthworks were recorded. A significant proportion of the site to the S of the souterrain appears to have been affected by intensive ploughing. However, the presence of earthworks on the W side of the development area, appears to have preserved some features and deposits, within discrete pockets throughout the site.

Archive: NRHE

Funder: CFJV

Rick Barton – Orkney Research Centre for Archaeology

(Source: DES Vol 19)

Laser Scanning (4 September 2018 - 8 September 2018)

HES (Survey and Recording) carried out a laser scan of the Lynchat souterrain as part of their contribution to the Badenoch Great Place Project

Standing Building Recording (19 February 2020 - 28 February 2020)

NN 62969 79501; NN 64588 73287; NN 63295 80662; NN 6375 8142; NN 6496 8595; NN 63094 79598; NN 6388 8278; NN 6765 9133; NN 67634 91454; NN 7645 9976; NH 7767 0193; NH 7879 0203; NH 7888 0201; NH 7899 0228; NH 7910 0267; NH 7960 0270 During February 2020 a programme of historic building recording was undertaken ahead of dualling works along the current route of the A9 between Glen Garry and Kincraig. Historic building recording was undertaken on sixteen cultural heritage assets.

A photographic survey to produce a full visual record of the current setting of Wade Bridge (Canmore ID: 24622), Crubenmore Old Bridge (Canmore ID: 24642), Crubenmore New Bridge (Canmore ID: 24643), Ruthven Barracks (Canmore ID: 25196), Lynchat Souterrain (Canmore ID: 14077), Balavil Obelisk and Burial Ground (Canmore ID: 111861), Balavil West Lodge and Gate Piers (Canmore ID: 109644), Balavil Mains and Former Steading (Canmore ID: 111860), Balavil House (Canmore ID: 12864) and Balavil East Lodge and Gate Piers (Canmore ID: 109646) was carried out. Enhanced historic building recording was carried out at Dalnaspidal Bridge (Canmore ID: 161391), Dubhaig Bridge (Canmore ID: 24606), Chuirn Bridge, Bhotie Bridge (Canmore ID: 24625) and Truim Aqueduct (Canmore ID: 205479). A ‘Basic’ historic building recording survey was carried out at Drumochter Lodge (Canmore ID: 110475).

Archive: NRHE (intended)

Funder: CH2M Fairhurst Joint Venture for Transport Scotland

Jamie Humble and Lynn Fraser − AOC Archaeology Group

(Source: DES Vol 21)


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