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Hoy, Lyness, Royal Naval Oil Terminal, Burn Of Ore

Military Camp (20th Century)

Site Name Hoy, Lyness, Royal Naval Oil Terminal, Burn Of Ore

Classification Military Camp (20th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Scapa Flow

Canmore ID 104495

Site Number ND39SW 20.03

NGR ND 3020 9390

NGR Description Centred ND 3020 9390

Datum OSGB36 - NGR


Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
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Administrative Areas

  • Council Orkney Islands
  • Parish Walls And Flotta
  • Former Region Orkney Islands Area
  • Former District Orkney
  • Former County Orkney

Archaeology Notes

ND39SW 48 Centred 3020 9390

The remains of a military camp can be seen on the E-facing slope overlooking the Burn of Ore to the S of Lyness. The huts have been scarped into the hillside and one is depicted on the latest edition of the OS map (OS 1:10000 map, 1976)

Visited by RCAHMS (DE) May 1996.


Field Visit (August 1997)

Lyness served as the centre for naval operations throughout WWI & II. The sheltered harbour offered an ideal location for refuelling and maintaining the fleet. The extensive remains of a wide range of structures associated with the base include:

(i) A boiler, a building, oil tanks, a military camp and a pillbox (ND 39 SW 20.01 -20.05).

(ii) Lyness steam pumping station and oil tank: Scheduled (HS Index 5438, 07ND 309 947- 07ND 310 947). The steam pumps were used to drive fuel oil into storage tanks. Originally coal-powered, they were converted to oil-firing in 1936. They now form a display within the Lyness Interpretation Centre. The oil tank, built in 1917, has a capacity of 12,000 tons and is the last survivor of four such tanks originally housed here.

(iii) A hand crane and pier (ND39SW 17)

Moore and Wilson, 1997

Coastal Zone Assessment Survey


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