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Brigadier: Duncan Rock, Loch Roghadail, Sound Of Harris

Paddle Steamer (19th Century)

Site Name Brigadier: Duncan Rock, Loch Roghadail, Sound Of Harris

Classification Paddle Steamer (19th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Cygnus; Renish Point; Rubha Reinis; Rodel Bay; Caolas Na Hearadh; Duncan's Rock; Brigadier; Brigadier (Ex. Cygnus)

Canmore ID 102874

Site Number NG08SW 8003

NGR NG 04521 82376

NGR Description NG c. 0452 8238

Datum WGS84 - Lat/Long

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/102874

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
© Copyright and database right 2017.

Administrative Areas

  • Council Western Isles
  • Parish Maritime - Western Isles
  • Former Region Western Isles Islands Area
  • Former District Maritime
  • Former County Not Applicable

Archaeology Notes

NG08SW 8003 c. 0452 8238

N57 44.0333 W6 57.9167

NLO: Renish Point (Rubha Reinis) [name: NG 045 817]

Loch Roghadail [name centred NG 044 827]

Sound of Harris (Caolas na Hearadh) [name centred NF 96 81].

Formerly entered as NG08SW 9542.

7 December 1896, BRIGADIER, 42 years, of Glasgow. Iron steamship. 91 ton, 21 men. Master D. McPhail. Owner D. McBrayne, Glasgow. Lochmaddy to Portree. General 4 passengers. Wind NW5. Duncan's Rock, Rodel Bay, Harris.

Source: PP Abstracts of Shipping Casualties on Coasts, or in Rivers and Harbours of the UK July 1896-97 (1898 [C.8917] LXXXVIII.401).

NMRS, MS/829/67 (no. 912).

Quality of fix = E

Horizontal Datum = OGB

Circumstances of Loss Details

-----------------------------

The paddle steamer BRIGADIER was one of MacBraynes passenger ferries, built in 1859. The vessel struck Duncan Rock.

Surveying Details

-----------------------------

23 August 1979. The wreck lies on the NE side of Duncan Rock in a general depth of 14 metres. It is well broken up. The boiler remains intact and large pieces of wreckage are identifiable. It lies within large rock gullies and nothing projects above the surrounding rocks.

Report by RAF Coningsby Sub Aqua Club, 1979.

1 February 1988. The wreckage is covered with growth and spread over a large area. Large pieces of wreckage, including the boiler and paddle wheel coaming, are visible. Most of the hull protrudes less than 1 metre above the seabed.

Report by R. Banks, RAF Abingdon, 18 December 1987.

Hydrographic Office, 1995.

(Classified as iron paddle steamship, with general cargo: former name cited as Cygnus, and date of loss cited as 7 December 1896). Brigadier: this vessel stranded on Duncan's [Duncan] Rock, Rodel Bay [Loch Rodel]. Capt. McPhail.

Registration: Glasgow. Built 1854. 275grt. Lrength: 55m. Beam: 6m.

(Location of loss cited as N57 44.03 W6 57.92).

I G Whittaker 1998.

Neither Duncan Rock nor Rodel Bay is noted on the 1996 edition of the OS 1:50,000 map. The latter feature is probably to be equated with Loch Roghadail.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 2 April 2002.

The position cited by UKHO is derived from a report in 1979 that the wreck as lying on the NEside of Duncan Rock. The chart is of too small a scale to show the wreckage and the position is for filing only. The remains were described in 1988 as comprising wreckage covered with growth and spread over a large area. The biggest parts were the boiler and the paddle wheel coaming; most of hull was seen to protrude less than 1 metre.

Information from Lt Cdr N McEachan RN, Wrecks Officer, UK Hydrographic Office, 18 July 2008.

(Location re-entered as NG c. 0452 8238). The location formerly assigned to this record is re-entered as an approximation.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 21 July 2008.

Activities

Loss (7 December 1896)

7 December 1896, BRIGADIER, 42 years, of Glasgow. Iron steamship. 91 ton, 21 men. Master D. McPhail. Owner D. McBrayne, Glasgow. Lochmaddy to Portree. General 4 passengers. Wind NW5. Duncan's Rock, Rodel Bay, Harris.

Source: PP Abstracts of Shipping Casualties on Coasts, or in Rivers and Harbours of the UK July 1896-97 (1898 [C.8917] LXXXVIII.401).

NMRS, MS/829/67 (no. 912).

Note (April 2002)

Neither Duncan Rock nor Rodel Bay is noted on the 1996 edition of the OS 1:50,000 map. The latter feature is probably to be equated with Loch Roghadail.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 2 April 2002.

Note (21 July 2008)

(Location re-entered as NG c. 0452 8238). The location formerly assigned to this record is re-entered as an approximation.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 21 July 2008.

Reference (2011)

Whittaker ID : 1518

Name : BRIGADIER (EX. CYGNUS)

Latitude : 574402

Longitude : 65755

Date Built : 1854

Registration : GLASGOW

Type : SS (IRON)(PADD)

Tonnage : 275

Tonnage Code : G

Length : 55

Beam : 6

Draught : 3m

Loss Day : 7

Loss Month : 12

Loss Year : 1896

Comment : Stranded on Duncan's Rock, Rodel Bay. Capt. McPhail

Cargo : GENERAL

Reference (19 April 2012)

UKHO Identifier : 001925

Feature Class : Wreck

State : LIVE

Classification : Unclassified

Position (Lat/long) : 57.73389,-6.96528

Horizontal Datum : ORDNANCE SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN (1936)

WGS84 Position (Lat/long) : 57.73354,-6.96626

WGS84 Origin : 3-D Cartesian Shift (BW)

Position Quality : Unreliable

Depth Quality : Depth unknown

Water Depth : 14

Vertical Datum : Mean Low Water Springs

Name : BRIGADIER

Type : IRON PADDLE STEAMER

Flag : BRITISH

Length : 55.0

Beam : 6.5

Draught : 2.9

Tonnage : 275

Tonnage Type : Gross

Cargo : GENERAL

Date Sunk : 07/12/1896

Bottom Texture : Rock

Contact Description : Notable debris

Original Sensor : Diver Sighting

Last Sensor : Diver Sighting

Original Detection Year : 1979

Last Detection Year : 1987

Original Source : Divers

Last Source : Divers

Circumstances of Loss : **EX- CYGNUS, BUILT 1854 BY JAMES HENDERSON & SONS, RENFEW WITH 2 CYLINDER OSCILLATING ENGINE. OWNED AT TIME OF LOSS BY D MACBRAYNE, GLASGOW FOR USE AS THE LOCHMADDY-PORTREE FERRY. STRUCK DUNCAN ROCK, LOCH RODEL. (SIBI)

Surveying Details : **H4893/77 23.8.79 LIES ON NE SIDE OF DUNCAN ROCK IN GEN DEPTH 14MTRS. WELL BROKEN UP. BOILER REMAINS INTACT AND LARGE PIECES OF WK ARE IDENTIFIABLE. LIES WITHIN LARGE ROCK GULLIES AND NOTHING PROJECTS ABOVE SURROUNDING ROCKS. (RAF CONINGSBY SAC, 1979) NCA, POSN 574402N, 065755W [OGB] FOR FILING ONLY, EXISTING SCALES TOO SMALL.

**H1310/87/5 1.2.88 WKGE COVERED WITH GROWTH AND SPREAD OVER LARGE AREA. LARGE PIECES OF WKGE INCLUDE BOILER AND PADDLE WHEEL COAMING. MOST OF HULL PROTRUDES LESS THAN 1MTR ABOVE SEABED. (R BANKS, RAF ABINGDON, 18.12.87). NCA.

Charting Comments : EXISTING SCALES TOO SMALL

Date Last Amended : 14/12/2009

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