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Belford: Poll An Dubhaidh, Islay, Atlantic

Steamship (20th Century)

Site Name Belford: Poll An Dubhaidh, Islay, Atlantic

Classification Steamship (20th Century)

Alternative Name(s) Port Ban; Smaul; Smaull; Loch Indall Lighthouse; Lochindaal; Rubha Lamanais; Bellinaby; Ballinaby; Coul Point; Belford

Canmore ID 102480

Site Number NR26NW 8003

NGR NR 20602 67901

Datum WGS84 - Lat/Long

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/site/102480

Ordnance Survey licence number 100057073. All rights reserved.
Canmore Disclaimer. © Copyright and database right 2018.

Collections

Administrative Areas

  • Council Argyll And Bute
  • Parish Maritime - Argyll And Bute
  • Former Region Strathclyde
  • Former District Maritime
  • Former County Not Applicable

Archaeology Notes

NR26NW 8003 2059 6790

N55 49.4 W6 27.7

NLO: Port Ban [name: NR 208 679]

Smaull [name: NR 214 685]

Coul Point [name: NR 188 644]

Loch Indaal [name centred NR 26 57].

Formerly entered as NR26NW 9109.

BELFORD steamer, master J. H. Marshall, of Sunderland. Bound from Barry to New York. No cargo. 24 crew lost. Lost 9 Feb 1916, 1.30pm. Smaull, Islay, 10 miles from Loch Indaal Lighthouse. Cause of wreck 'Loss of propeller. Drifting along the coast of Ireland for 10 or 12 days in a helpless state through loss of propeller. Came ashore, smashed up by the sea and has now quite disappeared'.

[Contemporary] source: Lightkeeper, Loch Indaal Lighthouse.

Quality of fix = PA

Horizontal Datum = OGB

General water depth = 6

Circumstances of Loss Details

-----------------------------

The BELFORD was built in 1901 and wrecked at Smaull, Islay, whilst en-route from Barry to New York. It was owned at time of loss by Christie & Co.

Source; Dictionary of Disasters at Sea.

Surveying Details

-----------------------------

10 March 1975. The wreck is very broken up and what remains is in about 6 metres of water at 55 49 24N, 006 27 42w approximately.

Report by P Sellars, 11 February 1975.

Hydrographic Office, 1995

WRECK AT ISLAY. SHIP DRIFTS FOR 10 DAYS. FEARED LOSS OF ALL HANDS. The wild western coast of Islay was on the 9th inst. the scene of a wreck of a steamer of about 3000 tons, and there is only too good reason to fear for the loss of the entire crew of probably about 13 men. A wild gale of north westerly wind was blowing on the 9th and a drifting steamer was observed by one of the coast watchers in the early morning, but did not suspect her to be in distress. About 2.00pm a mast was observed above the rocks, and hurrying to the place, found a steamer close up to a high rock.

The coast near Smaul is the wildest in Islay, with high rocks towering above the land - one of the worst places at which a vessel could strike. She was the BELFORD of Sunderland (Capt. J H Marshall). Her papers showed that she was bound from Barry to New York. When off the coast of Ireland her propellor struck some wreckage, breaking the blades, and the vessel had drifted helplessly in the storm since January 30th. The log records the constant sending up of distress signals, and it is surprising how the steamer could have drifted such a length of time without having been observed. The boats were gone, and it is probable that the poor fellows saw their vessel nearing the huge rocks, took to the boats and were lost.

The body of the 2nd mate, a young man of 29 was washed ashore near Ballinaby about the time of the wreck, and evidently life had only been extinct for a very short time. The body was interred at Kilchoman churchyard. A broken boat has also come ashore.

Since the BELFORD struck, very wild weather has pervailed and on Saturday evening only the after half of the steamer remained. Huge seas were dashing her in pieces.

Source: Oban Times, 19 February 1916.

(Classified as steel steamship, in ballast: date of loss cited as 9 February 1916). Belford: this vessel stranded at Smaull, Islay. Capt. Marshall.

Registration: Sunderland. Built 1901. 3216grt. Length: 98m. Beam: 14m.

(Location of loss cited as N55 50.10 W6 27.70).

I G Whittaker 1998.

The photograph (taken after stranding) that is reproduced by Blackburn illustrates a general cargo vessel of conventional type, with three islands, two masts and apparently four holds.

The location assigned to this record remains unverified.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 23 July 2003.

S Blackburn 1986.

Activities

Loss (9 February 1916)

BELFORD steamer, master J. H. Marshall, of Sunderland. Bound from Barry to New York. No cargo. 24 crew lost. Lost 9 Feb 1916, 1.30pm. Smaull, Islay, 10 miles from Loch Indaal Lighthouse. Cause of wreck 'Loss of propeller. Drifting along the coast of Ireland for 10 or 12 days in a helpless state through loss of propeller. Came ashore, smashed up by the sea and has now quite disappeared'.

[Contemporary] source: Lightkeeper, Loch Indaal Lighthouse.

Quality of fix = PA

Horizontal Datum = OGB

General water depth = 6

Circumstances of Loss Details

-----------------------------

The BELFORD was built in 1901 and wrecked at Smaull, Islay, whilst en-route from Barry to New York. It was owned at time of loss by Christie & Co.

Source; Dictionary of Disasters at Sea.

Surveying Details

-----------------------------

10 March 1975. The wreck is very broken up and what remains is in about 6 metres of water at 55 49 24N, 006 27 42w approximately.

Report by P Sellars, 11 February 1975.

Hydrographic Office, 1995

WRECK AT ISLAY. SHIP DRIFTS FOR 10 DAYS. FEARED LOSS OF ALL HANDS. The wild western coast of Islay was on the 9th inst. the scene of a wreck of a steamer of about 3000 tons, and there is only too good reason to fear for the loss of the entire crew of probably about 13 men. A wild gale of north westerly wind was blowing on the 9th and a drifting steamer was observed by one of the coast watchers in the early morning, but did not suspect her to be in distress. About 2.00pm a mast was observed above the rocks, and hurrying to the place, found a steamer close up to a high rock.

The coast near Smaul is the wildest in Islay, with high rocks towering above the land - one of the worst places at which a vessel could strike. She was the BELFORD of Sunderland (Capt. J H Marshall). Her papers showed that she was bound from Barry to New York. When off the coast of Ireland her propellor struck some wreckage, breaking the blades, and the vessel had drifted helplessly in the storm since January 30th. The log records the constant sending up of distress signals, and it is surprising how the steamer could have drifted such a length of time without having been observed. The boats were gone, and it is probable that the poor fellows saw their vessel nearing the huge rocks, took to the boats and were lost.

The body of the 2nd mate, a young man of 29 was washed ashore near Ballinaby about the time of the wreck, and evidently life had only been extinct for a very short time. The body was interred at Kilchoman churchyard. A broken boat has also come ashore.

Since the BELFORD struck, very wild weather has pervailed and on Saturday evening only the after half of the steamer remained. Huge seas were dashing her in pieces.

Source: Oban Times, 19 February 1916.

(Classified as steel steamship, in ballast: date of loss cited as 9 February 1916). Belford: this vessel stranded at Smaull, Islay. Capt. Marshall.

Registration: Sunderland. Built 1901. 3216grt. Length: 98m. Beam: 14m.

(Location of loss cited as N55 50.10 W6 27.70).

I G Whittaker 1998.

Note (23 July 2003)

The photograph (taken after stranding) that is reproduced by Blackburn illustrates a general cargo vessel of conventional type, with three islands, two masts and apparently four holds.

The location assigned to this record remains unverified.

Information from RCAHMS (RJCM), 23 July 2003.

S Blackburn 1986.

Reference (2011)

Whittaker ID : 459

Name : BELFORD

Latitude : 555006

Longitude : 62742

Date Built : 1901

Registration : SUNDERLAND

Type : SS (STEEL)

Tonnage : 3216

Tonnage Code : G

Length : 98

Beam : 14

Draught : 8m

Position : Position Approximate

Loss Day : 9

Loss Month : 2

Loss Year : 1916

Comment : Stranded at Smaull, Islay. Capt. Marshall

Cargo : BALLAST

Reference (19 April 2012)

UKHO Identifier : 003735

Feature Class : Wreck

State : LIVE

Classification : Unclassified

Position (Lat/long) : 55.82333,-6.46167

Horizontal Datum : ORDNANCE SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN (1936)

WGS84 Position (Lat/long) : 55.82324,-6.46262

WGS84 Origin : 3-D Cartesian Shift (BW)

Position Quality : Unreliable

Depth Quality : Depth unknown

Water Depth : 6

Vertical Datum : Lowest Astronomical Tide

Name : BELFORD

Type : SS

Flag : BRITISH

Length : 99.1

Beam : 14.3

Draught : 7.9

Tonnage : 3216

Tonnage Type : Gross

Cargo : BALLAST

Date Sunk : 09/02/1916

Bottom Texture : Rock

Contact Description : Notable debris

Original Sensor : Reported Sinking

Last Sensor : Diver Sighting

Original Detection Year : 1916

Last Detection Year : 1975

Original Source : Other

Last Source : Divers

Circumstances of Loss : **BUILT 1901 BY J PRIESTMAN & CO. SUNDERLAND. OWNED AT TIME OF LOSS BY CHRISTIE & CO. TWO BOILERS, TRIPLE EXPANSION ENGINE OF 272 NHP, SINGLE SHAFT. MACHINERY BY G CLARK LTD, SUNDERLAND. PASSAGE BARRY DOCK FOR NEW YORK. REPORTED AS BEING ABANDONED AND DRIFTING ON 30.1.19, THE CREW HAVING APARENTLY ABANDONED SHIP. WIND AND TIDE PUT HER ASHORE AT SMAULL, ISLAY. WAS INSPECTED AND DECLARTED A CTL. NOT VISIBLE ON 15.2.16 HAVING BEEN SMASHED TO PIECES OVERNIGHT 12-13.2.16. ONE BODY WAS WASHED ASHORE. CREW OF 24 LOST. (DODS & SIBI).

Surveying Details : **H1280/75 10.3.75 SINKING POSN GIVEN AS 554924N, 062742W APPROX. MUCH BROKEN UP IN GENERAL DEPTH OF APPROX 20FEET. (P SELLARS, LTR DTD 11.2.75). FOR FILING ONLY. NCA.

Charting Comments : POSN FOR FILING ONLY

Date Last Amended : 13/04/2005

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