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Pump room, interior. View of pump room from South West

SC 656648

Description Pump room, interior. View of pump room from South West

Date 4/10/1996

Collection RCAHMS

Catalogue Number SC 656648

Category On-line Digital Images

Copy of D 3145 CN

Scope and Content Oil pipes and anti-surge vessel, pump room, pumping station, World War I and II Naval Base, Lyness, Hoy, Orkney Islands At Lyness on Hoy, close to the sounds which made up the main fleet anchorage, naval quarters, stores and an oil depot were established during World War I and were considerably developed in World War II to become the Base Headquarters, HMS Proserpine. The base came to include an extensive area for the repair of anti-submarine boom nets, above-ground oil storage tanks and, beneath the nearby hill of Wee Fea, six very large underground fuel tanks. The solitary surviving above-ground tank at Lyness was one of four of 12,000-ton capacity built in 1917 when oil-fired warships were coming into regular service with the Royal Navy. In 1937-8, with another war looming, Messrs Balfour, Beatty & Co Ltd were contracted by the Admiralty to build 12 additional, slightly larger, 15,000-ton tanks, bringing the total complement of above-ground tanks to 16. The associated pumping station, which also dates from 1917, drew the heavy fuel oil from tankers at the pier. Originally coal-fired, the steam pumps were converted to diesel power in 1936, and pumping station and tank together now form the Scapa Flow Visitor Centre. This view of the pump room shows, in the foreground, silver-painted oil pipes and (right) the anti-surge vessel which, operated by a pressure relief valve, was designed to reduce pulsing of the flow of oil in the pipes. Glazed top-lighting in the lightly-framed roof of the triple-gabled shed makes for a bright interior. In the left background, alongside the pumps, a torpedo is mounted on the floor as a wartime museum exhibit. At the heart of the Orkney archipelago, Scapa Flow was the main fleet anchorage for the Royal Navy during both World Wars. Its vital importance led to the creation of one of the most concentrated defence networks in Britain. Source: RCAHMS contribution to SCRAN.

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/collection/656648

File Format (TIF) Tagged Image File Format bitmap

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Attribution: © Crown Copyright: HES

Licence Type: Full

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