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View of model of World War I German fleet prior to scuttling

SC 656634

Description View of model of World War I German fleet prior to scuttling

Date 4/10/1996

Collection RCAHMS

Catalogue Number SC 656634

Category On-line Digital Images

Copy of D 3131 CN

Scope and Content Model of World War I German High Seas Fleet, Scapa Flow Visitor Centre (former pumping station), World War I and II Naval Base, Lyness, Hoy, Orkney Islands The terms of the Armistice which brought hostilities to an end on 11 November 1918 stipulated that 74 warships of the German High Seas Fleet (10 battleships, six battle-cruisers, eight light cruisers and 50 destroyers) were to be interned in a neutral port or, if such a port were not available, in one of the Allied countries. Scapa Flow was the chosen venue, and after a rendezvous in the Firth of Forth, the German ships were escorted north. Interned with reduced crews, they languished in Scapa Flow from late November 1918 until 21 June 1919 when, in order to prevent the interned ships being handed over to the Allies in accordance with the newly-published peace terms, they were scuttled on the orders of Rear-Admiral Ludwig von Reuter. Many were later salvaged but the remains of some 14 of these warships still lie on the bottom of Scapa Flow. Many photographs and artefacts relating to the internment, scuttling and salvaging operations are housed in Stromness Museum. Among the museum exhibits in the Scapa Flow Visitor Centre is this model which shows the dispositions of the 74 disarmed warships of the German High Seas Fleet interned in Scapa Flow from late November 1918 until 21 June 1919. The interned fleet comprised 10 battleships, six battle-cruisers, eight light cruisers and 50 destroyers, and, as the model shows, they were grouped, according to size, in the anchorages on the western side of the Flow, around the island of Cava (centre) and in Gutter Sound between Fara and Hoy (right). The wrecks of some 14 of these warships still lie on the bottom of Scapa Flow. At the heart of the Orkney archipelago, Scapa Flow was the main fleet anchorage for the Royal Navy during both World Wars. Its vital importance led to the creation of one of the most concentrated defence networks in Britain. Source: RCAHMS contribution to SCRAN.

Permalink http://canmore.org.uk/collection/656634

File Format (TIF) Tagged Image File Format bitmap

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